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electrical circuit wiring repair

How to Repair Electric Circuit Wiring




How to Wire A 220Volt Circuit to 110Volt

Electrical Circuits Question I have a 220V outlet that is only used in the summer to run a window A/C unit. Can I tap off of this outlet to make a 110v outlet right next to it to run a small electrical heater in the winter? How do I go about this?

How to Wire A 220 Volt Heater Circuit to Sub Panel

Electrical Circuits Question I'm having a problem with wiring a 220 volt heater circuit. I installed a 20 amp double pole breaker in my panel, and I ran 12/2 wire with a ground to the outlet.

How to Wire 220 Volt to 120 Volt Circuit

Electrical Circuits Question My house originally had baseboard electric heat. We changed to gas a few years ago. There are 3 sets of double 20 amp breakers not used now, they have the tabs to join the switches.

How to Wire A Range and Dryer Circuit

Electrical Circuits Question I just bought a dryer without realizing that I did not have a 30 amp outlet/breaker in my apartment (I realize this was a silly oversight, yes).

How to Repair Circuits Damaged By Lightning Strikes

Electrical Circuits Question My house hit by lightning and a number of the circuit breakers tripped. I cannot get power to two light fixtures.

How to Wire A 120 Volt Heater Circuit

Electrical Circuits Question I have a heater called a Sun Twin, that states it should have a dedicated circuit. It basically claims that it is an appliance.

How to Wire A Shed Circuit

Electrical Circuits Question We have a new shed and would like to install an electrical circuit to it. I have added internal wiring for lights and small power tools, but the circuit breaker box I have installed in the shed is pretty jury rigged with an extension cord that makes it all pretty unsafe.

How to Repair A Kitchen Circuit That is Not Working

Electrical Circuits Question My panel has a main breaker at the top. But at the bottom it has a breaker that controls the electricity in my basement and the kitchen.

How to Wire A Lincoln Welder Circuit

Electrical Circuits Question A friend wants me to hook an old lincoln welder up in his shop. It can be hooked up using 220/480 volts.

How to Wire A Range and Dryer Circuit

Electrical Circuits Question I just bought a dryer without realizing that I did not have a 30 amp outlet/breaker in my apartment (I realize this was a silly oversight, yes).

How to Wire A Refrigerator Circuit

Electrical Circuits Name Bruno G Question I was wondering if the refrigerator needs to be on its own circuit or can have other outlets with it.

How to Wire A Remote Circuit Monitoring System

Electrical Circuits Question Do you know of any device that would alert me remotely if a circuit breaker has tripped? I own a restaurant and I'm seeking something that will notify me if any of my breakers trip while I'm away.

How to Wire A Roof Circuit Conduit

Electrical Circuits Question Do rooftop penetrations on commercial buildings need to be in rigid conduit?

How to Wire A Square D Circuit Breaker

Electrical Circuits Question Do they make a slim line version of a square D QO 220v 30 and 50 amp breaker

How to Wire A Storage Unit Circuit

Electrical Circuits Question I have a woodworking shop set up in a storage unit and have tapped my electrical into one of two 20A GFI circuit breakers stemming from a sub panel on my building.

How to Wire A Swimming Pool Circuit

Electrical Circuits Question I have a 200A main panel which is fully utilized. I recently put in an in ground swimming pool and a finished basement - so I put in a main lug 20 circuit 100A panel downstream to service my pool and basement.

How to Wire A Tanning Bed Circuit

Electrical Circuits Question I am hooking up a tanning bed. According to the instructions, It operates from a 220 AC source.

How to Wire A Washer and Dryer Circuit

Electrical Circuits Question Bought front load washer and dryer and because of the doors swings, placement is opposite from original layout.

How to Repair A Water Heater and Oven Circuit Feedback Condition

Electrical Circuits Question Hi Dave, I recently went from a gas range to an electric wall oven. It is a Maytag 3.6kW@240V that I bought used.

How to Wire A Water Heater Time Clock Circuit

Electrical Circuits Question I wired a timer switch for my 220v hot water heater, it only had 1 ground 1 line 1 load terminal.

How to Repair A Water Heater Tripping Circuit Breaker

Electrical Circuits Question Hi Dave i have a hosrstmann economy 7 quartz water heater and every time i switch it on the whole house trips,is there anything i should be checking or should i call in an electrician? I'm concerned that i may be wasting his time if it might be something straight forward,your advice would be much appreciated.

How to Wire A Microwave Oven Circuit

Electrical Circuits Question I'm wiring approximately 30 feet of wire for a circuit underneath my house .Should I use 12-2 or 10-3 due to the length Thanks- Mike M.

How to Wire A Microwave Oven Circuit

Electrical Circuits Question I'm wiring approximately 30 feet of wire for a circuit underneath my house .Should I use 12-2 or 10-3 due to the length Thanks- Mike M.

How to Wire Workshop Electrical Circuits

Electrical Circuits Question I'm installing a #4 wire for the circuit to my workshop about 100 feet away from the house and I'm planning on using #8 solid copper for my ground.



What Kind of Gloves Do I Use for Electrical Work

Electrical Project: I am looking for a good pair of electrician gloves that are easy to work in but will protect me from shock.

Gloves that are Easy to Work In

Mariah’s Home Wiring Project:

  • I am looking for a good pair of electrician gloves.
  • I am just learning about doing my own electrician work, and want gloves that are easy to work in but will protect me from shock.
  • I look on Amazon, and am so overwhelmed, I don’t know what I am looking for.
  • Many that say electrician gloves will not protect you from shock.
  • I know to be careful and turn off the power before starting a project, but I want to be extra safe since I am just starting out.
  • My first project will be installing a new thermostat, but I want to do more after this.
  • Right now I just wonder if there are electrician gloves that you would recommend, or any advice you can provide to help me choose a good pair.
    Thanks!

Additional Comments: Love your website! great advice!

This request came from Mariah in St. Louis, Missouri.

Dave’s Reply:

Thanks for your sharing your electrical wiring project Mariah.

Good Pair of Electrician Gloves

Application: Working on electrical devices.
Skill Level: Intermediate to Advanced – Best performed by a Licensed Electrical Contractor, or Licensed HVAC Contractor.
Electrical Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools, Voltage Tester, and appropriate Safety Gear.
Estimated Time: Depends on the personal level experience, ability to work with tools, install electrical circuit wiring, and the available access to the project area.
Electrical Safety: Identify the electrical power source to the , turn it OFF and Tag with a Note before working with the electrical wiring.
Electrical Wiring Parts and Materials: Electrical parts and materials for the should be approved for the specific project and compliant with local and national electrical codes.
Electrical Codes and Inspections: Installing or changing home electrical wiring should be done according to local and national electrical codes as adopted in St. Louis, Missouri. A permit and inspections may also be required.

Best Gloves for Electrical Wiring

This electrical wiring project is about selecting gloves to install a in All Areas of a Very Old Home.
gloves-for-electrical-wiring
Gloves I Use for Electrical Work

How to Select a Good Pair of Gloves for Electrical Work

Mariah, from the information you have provided:

  • Gloves that Protect Your Hands
    Honestly, I wear gloves that are really comfortable to protect my hands from cuts when there is a tough project, and when the weather gets cold.
  • Gloves that are Easy to Work with Tools
    But aside from that I do my wiring work with bare hands, because it allows me to use my hand tools easier and faster. But – don’t let me talk you out of getting a nice comfortable pair of gloves to help protect your hands.
  • Gloves that are Flexible and Comfortable
    I tend to forget that after doing this kind of work, we often get conditioned to the day to day activities and find ourselves with rougher skin and calluses, whereas a DIY’er may not have this type of condition. (I hope that makes sense.)
  • Gloves Alone Will Not Protect You from Shock
    As far as preventing shock, the best prevention is to have a really good voltage tester to make sure the circuit has in fact been turned off. So be sure to get a good voltage tester.
  • Gloves for installing a New Thermostat
    Now for your first project of installing a new thermostat, if it is for a conventional heating and air conditioner, then your going to be fine, because the thermostat works with low voltage – which is typically 24volts, so there will not be a shock hazard from the lower voltages. But it still would be good to turn off the circuit power to the HVAC unit anyway before you tackle the project.

More about Electrical Safety

Home Electrical Safety
Electrical Safety

Home Electrical Safety

Electrical Safety Articles covering several topics of Home Electrical Safety and Do-It-Yourself Electrical Safety.
And a new approach to keep kids and electricity apart with hopes to prevent children from being injured by electricity.

Electrical Project Guidelines
electrical-wiring
Electrical wiring project guidelines for most any project you may choose to do.

Home Electrical Wiring Projects
home-electrcial-wiring

Home Wiring Projects

Installing electrical wiring projects for safety and home improvements.


What Kind of Gloves Do I Use for Electrical Work

Electrical Project: I am looking for a good pair of electrician gloves that are easy to work in but will protect me from shock.

Gloves that are Easy to Work In

Mariah’s Home Wiring Project:

  • I am looking for a good pair of electrician gloves.
  • I am just learning about doing my own electrician work, and want gloves that are easy to work in but will protect me from shock.
  • I look on Amazon, and am so overwhelmed, I don’t know what I am looking for.
  • Many that say electrician gloves will not protect you from shock.
  • I know to be careful and turn off the power before starting a project, but I want to be extra safe since I am just starting out.
  • My first project will be installing a new thermostat, but I want to do more after this.
  • Right now I just wonder if there are electrician gloves that you would recommend, or any advice you can provide to help me choose a good pair.
    Thanks!

Additional Comments: Love your website! great advice!

This request came from Mariah in St. Louis, Missouri.

Dave’s Reply:

Thanks for your sharing your electrical wiring project Mariah.

Good Pair of Electrician Gloves

Application: Working on electrical devices.
Skill Level: Intermediate to Advanced – Best performed by a Licensed Electrical Contractor, or Licensed HVAC Contractor.
Electrical Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools, Voltage Tester, and appropriate Safety Gear.
Estimated Time: Depends on the personal level experience, ability to work with tools, install electrical circuit wiring, and the available access to the project area.
Electrical Safety: Identify the electrical power source to the , turn it OFF and Tag with a Note before working with the electrical wiring.
Electrical Wiring Parts and Materials: Electrical parts and materials for the should be approved for the specific project and compliant with local and national electrical codes.
Electrical Codes and Inspections: Installing or changing home electrical wiring should be done according to local and national electrical codes as adopted in St. Louis, Missouri. A permit and inspections may also be required.

Best Gloves for Electrical Wiring

This electrical wiring project is about selecting gloves to install a in All Areas of a Very Old Home.
gloves-for-electrical-wiring
Gloves I Use for Electrical Work

How to Select a Good Pair of Gloves for Electrical Work

Mariah, from the information you have provided:

  • Gloves that Protect Your Hands
    Honestly, I wear gloves that are really comfortable to protect my hands from cuts when there is a tough project, and when the weather gets cold.
  • Gloves that are Easy to Work with Tools
    But aside from that I do my wiring work with bare hands, because it allows me to use my hand tools easier and faster. But – don’t let me talk you out of getting a nice comfortable pair of gloves to help protect your hands.
  • Gloves that are Flexible and Comfortable
    I tend to forget that after doing this kind of work, we often get conditioned to the day to day activities and find ourselves with rougher skin and calluses, whereas a DIY’er may not have this type of condition. (I hope that makes sense.)
  • Gloves Alone Will Not Protect You from Shock
    As far as preventing shock, the best prevention is to have a really good voltage tester to make sure the circuit has in fact been turned off. So be sure to get a good voltage tester.
  • Gloves for installing a New Thermostat
    Now for your first project of installing a new thermostat, if it is for a conventional heating and air conditioner, then your going to be fine, because the thermostat works with low voltage – which is typically 24volts, so there will not be a shock hazard from the lower voltages. But it still would be good to turn off the circuit power to the HVAC unit anyway before you tackle the project.

More about Electrical Safety

Home Electrical Safety
Electrical Safety

Home Electrical Safety

Electrical Safety Articles covering several topics of Home Electrical Safety and Do-It-Yourself Electrical Safety.
And a new approach to keep kids and electricity apart with hopes to prevent children from being injured by electricity.

Electrical Project Guidelines
electrical-wiring
Electrical wiring project guidelines for most any project you may choose to do.

Home Electrical Wiring Projects
home-electrcial-wiring

Home Wiring Projects

Installing electrical wiring projects for safety and home improvements.

Wiring for a Ceiling Heater Fan

Electrical Project: I took out an exhaust fan from the ceiling and I am trying to install a 157 Broan NuTone ceiling heater fan.

Ceiling Heater Fan

John’s Home Wiring Project:

  • I took out an exhaust fan from the ceiling.
  • The ceiling wire has a black, white and ground wire.
  • The wire is a 14 2 Romex wire.
  • I am trying to install a 157 Broan NuTone ceiling heater fan.
  • It has 2 wires a black and a red.
  • I would like to know how to connect the wires from ceiling to heater fan.
  • I tried black to black and red to white but it tripped the circuit breaker, to where it will not go back.
  • The wires from the ceiling go to a switch that I think is connected to another switch next to it.
  • That second switch goes to a different set of lights.

This request came from John in Saint Charles, Missouri.

Dave’s Reply:

Thanks for your sharing your electrical wiring project John.

How to Wire a Bathroom Ceiling Heater

Application: How to Wire a Wall Light.
Skill Level: Intermediate to Advanced – Best performed by a Licensed Electrical Contractor, or Licensed HVAC Contractor.
Electrical Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools, Voltage Tester, and appropriate Safety Gear.
Estimated Time: Depends on the personal level experience, ability to work with tools, install electrical circuit wiring, and the available access to the project area.
Electrical Safety: Identify the electrical power source to the Wall Light, turn it OFF and Tag with a Note before working with the electrical wiring.
Electrical Wiring Parts and Materials: Electrical parts and materials for the Wall Light should be approved for the specific project and compliant with local and national electrical codes.
Electrical Codes and Inspections: Installing or changing home electrical wiring should be done according to local and national electrical codes as adopted in Saint Charles, Missouri. A permit and inspections may also be required.

How to Wire a Wall Light in a Bathroom

This electrical wiring project is about How to Wire a Wall Light in the Bathroom of a Old Home.

Broan® Fan-Forced Ceiling Heater, Low-profile, 1250W, 120VAC

electrical-wiring-ceiling-heater-fan

Wiring a Ceiling Heater Fan

Reviewing John’s Project:

  • I took out an exhaust fan from the ceiling. the ceiling wire has a black, white and ground wire. the wire is a 14 2 Romex. I am trying to install a 157 Broan -Nutone ceiling heater fan. it has 2 wires a black and a red.
    i would like to know how to connect the wires from ceiling to heater fan. I tried black to black and red to white but it tripped the circuit breaker, to where it will not go back. The wires from the ceiling go to a switch that I think is connected to another switch next to it. that second switch goes to a different set of lights.

John, from the information you have provided:

  • From what you have described, the Broan 157 should have a white, black, and ground wire – which would typically be attached to the wiring in the ceiling as with the original fan.
  • Be advised that this heater will add an additional 1250watts load the existing circuit, which may cause an overloaded condition and trip the circuit breaker.
  • With high load heater devices such as this it is best to install a dedicated circuit to avoid circuit overload.

The Features of this Heater

The 1250-Watt Surface-Mount Fan-Forced Ceiling Heater from Broan features an enclosed, sheathed element and a built-in fan to help evenly disperse heat. Ideal for a mudroom, bathroom, den, office or other cold areas of the house, this ceiling fan offers a lubricated motor for years of maintenance-free operation. The low-profile design mounts to a standard 3-1/2 in. or 4 in. round electrical box or a 4 in. octagon ceiling box.

  • The heater is enclosed, and has a sheathed heating element that produces 1250Watt of heat at 120Volt power to disperse warmth evenly.
  • Automatic overheat protection helps prevent damage.
  • Durable aluminum construction offers lasting performance.
  • Built-in fan helps distribute heat uniformly.
  • Low-profile design mounts easily to a standard 3-1/2 in. or 4 in. round electrical box or 4 in. octagon ceiling box.
  • Satin aluminum finish complements any interior decor.
  • Meets UL listing safety standards.
  • Suitable for indoor use only.
  • Measures 11 in. Dia x 2.8 in. H.

IMPORTANT: Controls are Designed for use with this product which are available separately:

  • Model 86W Line-Voltage Thermostat – to regulate a safe temperature in the bathroom.
  • Model 61W/61V 15-Minute Timer – to limit the amount of time the heater will be on, and turn it off automatically to prevent the dangers of overheating the room and materials.

electrical-wiring-diagram-ceiling-heater-fan

SAFETY NOTE:

  • The heater will provide 1250 Watts of radiant heat from an enclosed metal-sheathed element.
  • The heater must have automatic overheat protection, and proper circuit wiring.

The Following Resources may Assist You with this Project:

More about How to Wire a Wall Switch and Fan

Wiring a Switch
electrical-switches

Wiring a Light Switch – Diagram 1

Wiring Diagrams
Fully Explained Light Switch Wiring Diagrams. Detailed Electrical Wiring Diagrams and Pictures assist your Home Electrical Projects.

Guide to Home Electrical Wire
electrical-wire

Electrical Wire for the Home

Complete listing of electrical wire types and parts used for home projects with electrical code information serves as selection guidelines.

Home Electrical Circuit Breakers
2-pole-circuit-breaker

Home Electrical Circuit Breakers

A guide to home electrical circuit breakers and how they work to protect your electrical wiring. When properly installed, your home electrical wiring is protected by a circuit protection device.

Install Bathroom Electrical Wiring
bathroom-wiring

Bathroom Electrical Wiring

Fully Explained Photos and Wiring Diagrams for Bathroom Electrical Wiring with Code Requirements for most new or remodel projects.


Wiring for a Ceiling Heater Fan

Electrical Project: I took out an exhaust fan from the ceiling and I am trying to install a 157 Broan NuTone ceiling heater fan.

Ceiling Heater Fan

John’s Home Wiring Project:

  • I took out an exhaust fan from the ceiling.
  • The ceiling wire has a black, white and ground wire.
  • The wire is a 14 2 Romex wire.
  • I am trying to install a 157 Broan NuTone ceiling heater fan.
  • It has 2 wires a black and a red.
  • I would like to know how to connect the wires from ceiling to heater fan.
  • I tried black to black and red to white but it tripped the circuit breaker, to where it will not go back.
  • The wires from the ceiling go to a switch that I think is connected to another switch next to it.
  • That second switch goes to a different set of lights.

This request came from John in Saint Charles, Missouri.

Dave’s Reply:

Thanks for your sharing your electrical wiring project John.

How to Wire a Bathroom Ceiling Heater

Application: How to Wire a Wall Light.
Skill Level: Intermediate to Advanced – Best performed by a Licensed Electrical Contractor, or Licensed HVAC Contractor.
Electrical Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools, Voltage Tester, and appropriate Safety Gear.
Estimated Time: Depends on the personal level experience, ability to work with tools, install electrical circuit wiring, and the available access to the project area.
Electrical Safety: Identify the electrical power source to the Wall Light, turn it OFF and Tag with a Note before working with the electrical wiring.
Electrical Wiring Parts and Materials: Electrical parts and materials for the Wall Light should be approved for the specific project and compliant with local and national electrical codes.
Electrical Codes and Inspections: Installing or changing home electrical wiring should be done according to local and national electrical codes as adopted in Saint Charles, Missouri. A permit and inspections may also be required.

How to Wire a Wall Light in a Bathroom

This electrical wiring project is about How to Wire a Wall Light in the Bathroom of a Old Home.

Broan® Fan-Forced Ceiling Heater, Low-profile, 1250W, 120VAC

electrical-wiring-ceiling-heater-fan

Wiring a Ceiling Heater Fan

Reviewing John’s Project:

  • I took out an exhaust fan from the ceiling. the ceiling wire has a black, white and ground wire. the wire is a 14 2 Romex. I am trying to install a 157 Broan -Nutone ceiling heater fan. it has 2 wires a black and a red.
    i would like to know how to connect the wires from ceiling to heater fan. I tried black to black and red to white but it tripped the circuit breaker, to where it will not go back. The wires from the ceiling go to a switch that I think is connected to another switch next to it. that second switch goes to a different set of lights.

John, from the information you have provided:

  • From what you have described, the Broan 157 should have a white, black, and ground wire – which would typically be attached to the wiring in the ceiling as with the original fan.
  • Be advised that this heater will add an additional 1250watts load the existing circuit, which may cause an overloaded condition and trip the circuit breaker.
  • With high load heater devices such as this it is best to install a dedicated circuit to avoid circuit overload.

The Features of this Heater

The 1250-Watt Surface-Mount Fan-Forced Ceiling Heater from Broan features an enclosed, sheathed element and a built-in fan to help evenly disperse heat. Ideal for a mudroom, bathroom, den, office or other cold areas of the house, this ceiling fan offers a lubricated motor for years of maintenance-free operation. The low-profile design mounts to a standard 3-1/2 in. or 4 in. round electrical box or a 4 in. octagon ceiling box.

  • The heater is enclosed, and has a sheathed heating element that produces 1250Watt of heat at 120Volt power to disperse warmth evenly.
  • Automatic overheat protection helps prevent damage.
  • Durable aluminum construction offers lasting performance.
  • Built-in fan helps distribute heat uniformly.
  • Low-profile design mounts easily to a standard 3-1/2 in. or 4 in. round electrical box or 4 in. octagon ceiling box.
  • Satin aluminum finish complements any interior decor.
  • Meets UL listing safety standards.
  • Suitable for indoor use only.
  • Measures 11 in. Dia x 2.8 in. H.

IMPORTANT: Controls are Designed for use with this product which are available separately:

  • Model 86W Line-Voltage Thermostat – to regulate a safe temperature in the bathroom.
  • Model 61W/61V 15-Minute Timer – to limit the amount of time the heater will be on, and turn it off automatically to prevent the dangers of overheating the room and materials.

electrical-wiring-diagram-ceiling-heater-fan

SAFETY NOTE:

  • The heater will provide 1250 Watts of radiant heat from an enclosed metal-sheathed element.
  • The heater must have automatic overheat protection, and proper circuit wiring.

The Following Resources may Assist You with this Project:

More about How to Wire a Wall Switch and Fan

Wiring a Switch
electrical-switches

Wiring a Light Switch – Diagram 1

Wiring Diagrams
Fully Explained Light Switch Wiring Diagrams. Detailed Electrical Wiring Diagrams and Pictures assist your Home Electrical Projects.

Guide to Home Electrical Wire
electrical-wire

Electrical Wire for the Home

Complete listing of electrical wire types and parts used for home projects with electrical code information serves as selection guidelines.

Home Electrical Circuit Breakers
2-pole-circuit-breaker

Home Electrical Circuit Breakers

A guide to home electrical circuit breakers and how they work to protect your electrical wiring. When properly installed, your home electrical wiring is protected by a circuit protection device.

Install Bathroom Electrical Wiring
bathroom-wiring

Bathroom Electrical Wiring

Fully Explained Photos and Wiring Diagrams for Bathroom Electrical Wiring with Code Requirements for most new or remodel projects.

Water Heater Blows Fuse

Electrical Project: Burned out socket in small 30 amp 240v fuse box. Beside my 40 gallon hot water tank.

Electrical Problem with a Water Heater

Tony’s Water Heater Project:

  • Burned out socket in small 30 Amp 240V fuse box.
    Beside my 40 gallon hot water tank.
    Do I REALLY need this box? What is wrong with just the 15 10 2 wire going to the main panel? Can I just twist the two 12 2 wires together and put a big wire lug on it?
  • At least until order a new30A fuse box if it is REALLY NEEDED there.
    I mean, who uses glass fuses these days?
  • For the past 20 years I have been replacing 30A fuses in this socket every couple years.
    A year ago I thought the 2500W element had burned out, so I replaced it, with a 3000W element, but then found out it was actually the FUSE (on RHS) that kept burning out!
  • And NOT at the thin visible strip inside the glass fuse it was the center contact ON THE FUSE SOCKET that was corroded!
  • So I sandpapered the socket a bit to clean it up
    Now, 8 months later, no HOT WATER AGAIN!
  • When I saw the burned out fuse I realized THIS was the problem and the fuse box is finished I guess (picture)
  • Question: DO I REALLY NEED this 30A fuse box?
  • My 240V 50A dryer does not use this and it is further away from the main panel than the hot water heater.

This request came from Tony in Elgin, Qc, Canada.

Dave’s Reply:

Thanks for your sharing your electrical wiring project Tony.

Electric Water Heater Blows the Fuse

Application: Electrical Problem a Water Heater.
Skill Level: Intermediate to Advanced – Best performed by a Licensed Electrical Contractor, or Licensed Plumbing Contractor.
Electrical Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools, Voltage Tester, and appropriate Safety Gear.
Estimated Time: Depends on the personal level experience, ability to work with tools, install electrical circuit wiring, and the available access to the project area.
Electrical Safety: Identify the electrical power source to the Water Heater, turn it OFF and Tag with a Note before working with the electrical wiring.
Electrical Wiring Parts and Materials: Electrical parts and materials for the Water Heater should be approved for the specific project and compliant with local and national electrical codes.
Electrical Codes and Inspections: Installing or changing home electrical wiring should be done according to local and national electrical codes as adopted in Elgin, Qc, Canada. A permit and inspections may also be required.

Electrical Problem a Water Heater

This electrical wiring project is about Electrical Problem a Water Heater in the Shed of a Old Home.
electrical-wiring

Tony, from the information you have provided:

  • Sorry to hear about this problem – I understand your frustrations.
  • From what you have described, here in the US the NEC does not require a fused disconnect at the water heater (yet).
  • A fuse box such as what you have described is old school, but it does work if it is required, be sure to check with your local building authority to see what type of disconnect may be required in your area of Canada.
  • An alternative would be to install a 30amp 240volt circuit breaker box in place of this fuse box.
  • One thing though – the new 3000 watt element may be causing the fuses to blow out, because the demand is now 500watts higher, so maybe go back to the original element(?).
  • Also – make sure the fuses are the right size and get slow-blow or time delay – (if that type is available).
  • The dryer does not need this because it has the cord which provides the disconnect means if servicing is needed.
    Water heaters typically do not need any servicing – but I’m sure a disconnect of some type will be required in the near future.

More about Electrical Problem a Water Heater

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Ask-The-Electrician – Home Electrical Wiring

Ask-The-Electrician – Learn about all phases of Home Electrical Wiring from a Licensed Electrical Contractor who explains on-the-job photo tutorials and wiring diagrams.

Guide to Home Electrical Wire
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Electrical Wire for the Home

Complete listing of electrical wire types and parts used for home projects with electrical code information serves as selection guidelines.

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Home Electrical Circuit Breakers
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Home Electrical Circuit Breakers

A guide to home electrical circuit breakers and how they work to protect your electrical wiring. When properly installed, your home electrical wiring is protected by a circuit protection device.

Electrical Boxes for Electric Repairs and Home Wiring Projects
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Electrical Junction Boxes for Home Wiring

Understanding electrical junction boxes and what they are used for. Home electrical wiring is the process of installing electrical wire to a location that will serve electrical devices or an appliance. One very important component is the box where the wire will be installed. The type and size of the home wiring electrical boxes will depend upon the circuit size, application and its location.

220 Volt Wiring Diagram
220 Volt Wiring Diagram

Wiring 220 Volt Electrical Outlet

Home electrical wiring includes 110 volt outlets and 220 volt outlets and receptacles which are common place in every home. See how electrical outlets for the home are wired.


Water Heater Blows Fuse

Electrical Project: Burned out socket in small 30 amp 240v fuse box. Beside my 40 gallon hot water tank.

Electrical Problem with a Water Heater

Tony’s Water Heater Project:

  • Burned out socket in small 30 Amp 240V fuse box.
    Beside my 40 gallon hot water tank.
    Do I REALLY need this box? What is wrong with just the 15 10 2 wire going to the main panel? Can I just twist the two 12 2 wires together and put a big wire lug on it?
  • At least until order a new30A fuse box if it is REALLY NEEDED there.
    I mean, who uses glass fuses these days?
  • For the past 20 years I have been replacing 30A fuses in this socket every couple years.
    A year ago I thought the 2500W element had burned out, so I replaced it, with a 3000W element, but then found out it was actually the FUSE (on RHS) that kept burning out!
  • And NOT at the thin visible strip inside the glass fuse it was the center contact ON THE FUSE SOCKET that was corroded!
  • So I sandpapered the socket a bit to clean it up
    Now, 8 months later, no HOT WATER AGAIN!
  • When I saw the burned out fuse I realized THIS was the problem and the fuse box is finished I guess (picture)
  • Question: DO I REALLY NEED this 30A fuse box?
  • My 240V 50A dryer does not use this and it is further away from the main panel than the hot water heater.

This request came from Tony in Elgin, Qc, Canada.

Dave’s Reply:

Thanks for your sharing your electrical wiring project Tony.

Electric Water Heater Blows the Fuse

Application: Electrical Problem a Water Heater.
Skill Level: Intermediate to Advanced – Best performed by a Licensed Electrical Contractor, or Licensed Plumbing Contractor.
Electrical Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools, Voltage Tester, and appropriate Safety Gear.
Estimated Time: Depends on the personal level experience, ability to work with tools, install electrical circuit wiring, and the available access to the project area.
Electrical Safety: Identify the electrical power source to the Water Heater, turn it OFF and Tag with a Note before working with the electrical wiring.
Electrical Wiring Parts and Materials: Electrical parts and materials for the Water Heater should be approved for the specific project and compliant with local and national electrical codes.
Electrical Codes and Inspections: Installing or changing home electrical wiring should be done according to local and national electrical codes as adopted in Elgin, Qc, Canada. A permit and inspections may also be required.

Electrical Problem a Water Heater

This electrical wiring project is about Electrical Problem a Water Heater in the Shed of a Old Home.
electrical-wiring

Tony, from the information you have provided:

  • Sorry to hear about this problem – I understand your frustrations.
  • From what you have described, here in the US the NEC does not require a fused disconnect at the water heater (yet).
  • A fuse box such as what you have described is old school, but it does work if it is required, be sure to check with your local building authority to see what type of disconnect may be required in your area of Canada.
  • An alternative would be to install a 30amp 240volt circuit breaker box in place of this fuse box.
  • One thing though – the new 3000 watt element may be causing the fuses to blow out, because the demand is now 500watts higher, so maybe go back to the original element(?).
  • Also – make sure the fuses are the right size and get slow-blow or time delay – (if that type is available).
  • The dryer does not need this because it has the cord which provides the disconnect means if servicing is needed.
    Water heaters typically do not need any servicing – but I’m sure a disconnect of some type will be required in the near future.

More about Electrical Problem a Water Heater

Home Electrical Wiring
Other Electrical Issue

Ask-The-Electrician – Home Electrical Wiring

Ask-The-Electrician – Learn about all phases of Home Electrical Wiring from a Licensed Electrical Contractor who explains on-the-job photo tutorials and wiring diagrams.

Guide to Home Electrical Wire
electrical-wire

Electrical Wire for the Home

Complete listing of electrical wire types and parts used for home projects with electrical code information serves as selection guidelines.

Home Electrical Codes for Main Service Panels
Electrical Wiring Codes

Home Electrical Circuit Breakers
2-pole-circuit-breaker

Home Electrical Circuit Breakers

A guide to home electrical circuit breakers and how they work to protect your electrical wiring. When properly installed, your home electrical wiring is protected by a circuit protection device.

Electrical Boxes for Electric Repairs and Home Wiring Projects
electrical-wiring

Electrical Junction Boxes for Home Wiring

Understanding electrical junction boxes and what they are used for. Home electrical wiring is the process of installing electrical wire to a location that will serve electrical devices or an appliance. One very important component is the box where the wire will be installed. The type and size of the home wiring electrical boxes will depend upon the circuit size, application and its location.

220 Volt Wiring Diagram
220 Volt Wiring Diagram

Wiring 220 Volt Electrical Outlet

Home electrical wiring includes 110 volt outlets and 220 volt outlets and receptacles which are common place in every home. See how electrical outlets for the home are wired.

Old Electrical Wiring

Electrical Project: Would it be safe to push the wires into the pipes and fill them with expanding insulating foam?

Steven’s Home Wiring Project:

  • I have a 1950s home and I removed a square metal electrical box that had three old two wire armored cables running through it.
  • Some of the wires went through old tubular conduits into the crawl space (inaccessible) as seen in the included image.
  • None of the wires have voltage readings either to each other or to ground.
    If I hold my voltmeter up to the tubes and press the Non Contact Voltage detector to it the lights light and buzzer buzzes.
  • If I touch a lead to either metal tube and the other lead to any metal object (including a distant armored cable OR the metal gas line) I receive 12 VAC.
  • Question is: As seen in the image would it be safe to push the wires into the pipes and fill them with expanding insulating foam?I would then place a small box over them to cover them.
    Thank you.

This request came from Steven in Columbus, Ohio.

Dave’s Reply:

Thanks for your sharing your electrical wiring project Steven.

Old Electrical Wiring that is Unused

  • Application: Power Condition a Light.
  • Skill Level: Intermediate to Advanced – Best performed by a Licensed Electrical Contractor, or Certified Electrician.
  • Electrical Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools, Voltage Tester, and appropriate Safety Gear.
  • Estimated Time: Depends on the personal level experience, ability to work with tools, install electrical circuit wiring, and the available access to the project area.
  • Electrical Safety: Identify the electrical power source to the Light, turn it OFF and Tag with a Note before working with the electrical wiring.
  • Electrical Wiring Parts and Materials: Electrical parts and materials for the Light should be approved for the specific project and compliant with local and national electrical codes.
  • Electrical Codes and Inspections: Installing or changing home electrical wiring should be done according to local and national electrical codes as adopted in your specific area of Ohio. A permit and inspections may also be required.

Unused Electrical Wiring in a Basement

This electrical wiring project is about Unused Electrical Wiring in a Basement of an Old Home.
Old Electrical Wiring

Steven, from the information you have provided:

  • Please note that the electrical code states the following:
    300.16(A), old wiring, knob & tube, Splices with knob and tube wiring and other wiring methods must be contained in an approved junction box.
  • Note: Pushing the wires into the pipes and filling with insulating foam would not be an approved method.
  • And Steven – Let me know how your project turns out, I really appreciate your feedback.

Here are Your Resources:

What to do with Unused Electrical Circuit Wiring
How do I disconnect the electrical wires and leave them in the panel for future use?
Disconnecting Unused Electrical Wires, How to Keep Spare Electrical Wiring Safe for Future Use.

Below are some Specific Resources that may Help You with Your Project:

More about Old Electrical Wiring

Electrical Code for Conduit Fill

Guide to Home Electrical Wire
electrical-wire

Electrical Wire for the Home

Complete listing of electrical wire types and parts used for home projects with electrical code information serves as selection guidelines.

Electrical Boxes for Electric Repairs and Home Wiring Projects
electrical-wiring

Electrical Junction Boxes for Home Wiring

Understanding electrical junction boxes and what they are used for. Home electrical wiring is the process of installing electrical wire to a location that will serve electrical devices or an appliance. One very important component is the box where the wire will be installed. The type and size of the home wiring electrical boxes will depend upon the circuit size, application and its location.

Install Home Lighting
recessed lighting

Planning and Installing Home Lighting

Home lighting articles covering recessed lighting, under cabinet lighting, lighting terminology and more.

Install Basement Electrical Wiring
basement-wiring

Basement Electrical Wiring

Fully Explained Photos and Wiring Diagrams for Basement Electrical Wiring with Code Requirements for most new or remodel projects.

Home Electrical Safety
Electrical Safety

Home Electrical Safety

Electrical Safety Articles covering several topics of Home Electrical Safety and Do-It-Yourself Electrical Safety.
And a new approach to keep kids and electricity apart with hopes to prevent children from being injured by electricity.

Splicing Electrical Wires
electrical-splice-box

Electrical Junction Box Splice

Electrical junction box splices can be made safely when you understand the method. This example will show you how its done step by step and shows a junction box splice and the related electrical codes.
Emergency Electrical Splices
Wiring Electrical Codes

Electrical Safety

Safety Checklist

Troubleshooting Electrical Problems

Electrical Troubleshooting and Repairs
Licensed Electrician Reveals the Secrets of Successful Electrical Troubleshooting Methods used to solve the majority of the home electrical problems and wiring failures.

Electrical Testers

digital-tester
Using Testers to Help Locate Electrical Problems


Old Electrical Wiring

Electrical Project: Would it be safe to push the wires into the pipes and fill them with expanding insulating foam?

Steven’s Home Wiring Project:

  • I have a 1950s home and I removed a square metal electrical box that had three old two wire armored cables running through it.
  • Some of the wires went through old tubular conduits into the crawl space (inaccessible) as seen in the included image.
  • None of the wires have voltage readings either to each other or to ground.
    If I hold my voltmeter up to the tubes and press the Non Contact Voltage detector to it the lights light and buzzer buzzes.
  • If I touch a lead to either metal tube and the other lead to any metal object (including a distant armored cable OR the metal gas line) I receive 12 VAC.
  • Question is: As seen in the image would it be safe to push the wires into the pipes and fill them with expanding insulating foam?I would then place a small box over them to cover them.
    Thank you.

This request came from Steven in Columbus, Ohio.

Dave’s Reply:

Thanks for your sharing your electrical wiring project Steven.

Old Electrical Wiring that is Unused

  • Application: Power Condition a Light.
  • Skill Level: Intermediate to Advanced – Best performed by a Licensed Electrical Contractor, or Certified Electrician.
  • Electrical Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools, Voltage Tester, and appropriate Safety Gear.
  • Estimated Time: Depends on the personal level experience, ability to work with tools, install electrical circuit wiring, and the available access to the project area.
  • Electrical Safety: Identify the electrical power source to the Light, turn it OFF and Tag with a Note before working with the electrical wiring.
  • Electrical Wiring Parts and Materials: Electrical parts and materials for the Light should be approved for the specific project and compliant with local and national electrical codes.
  • Electrical Codes and Inspections: Installing or changing home electrical wiring should be done according to local and national electrical codes as adopted in your specific area of Ohio. A permit and inspections may also be required.

Unused Electrical Wiring in a Basement

This electrical wiring project is about Unused Electrical Wiring in a Basement of an Old Home.
Old Electrical Wiring

Steven, from the information you have provided:

  • Please note that the electrical code states the following:
    300.16(A), old wiring, knob & tube, Splices with knob and tube wiring and other wiring methods must be contained in an approved junction box.
  • Note: Pushing the wires into the pipes and filling with insulating foam would not be an approved method.
  • And Steven – Let me know how your project turns out, I really appreciate your feedback.

Here are Your Resources:

What to do with Unused Electrical Circuit Wiring
How do I disconnect the electrical wires and leave them in the panel for future use?
Disconnecting Unused Electrical Wires, How to Keep Spare Electrical Wiring Safe for Future Use.

Below are some Specific Resources that may Help You with Your Project:

More about Old Electrical Wiring

Electrical Code for Conduit Fill

Guide to Home Electrical Wire
electrical-wire

Electrical Wire for the Home

Complete listing of electrical wire types and parts used for home projects with electrical code information serves as selection guidelines.

Electrical Boxes for Electric Repairs and Home Wiring Projects
electrical-wiring

Electrical Junction Boxes for Home Wiring

Understanding electrical junction boxes and what they are used for. Home electrical wiring is the process of installing electrical wire to a location that will serve electrical devices or an appliance. One very important component is the box where the wire will be installed. The type and size of the home wiring electrical boxes will depend upon the circuit size, application and its location.

Install Home Lighting
recessed lighting

Planning and Installing Home Lighting

Home lighting articles covering recessed lighting, under cabinet lighting, lighting terminology and more.

Install Basement Electrical Wiring
basement-wiring

Basement Electrical Wiring

Fully Explained Photos and Wiring Diagrams for Basement Electrical Wiring with Code Requirements for most new or remodel projects.

Home Electrical Safety
Electrical Safety

Home Electrical Safety

Electrical Safety Articles covering several topics of Home Electrical Safety and Do-It-Yourself Electrical Safety.
And a new approach to keep kids and electricity apart with hopes to prevent children from being injured by electricity.

Splicing Electrical Wires
electrical-splice-box

Electrical Junction Box Splice

Electrical junction box splices can be made safely when you understand the method. This example will show you how its done step by step and shows a junction box splice and the related electrical codes.
Emergency Electrical Splices
Wiring Electrical Codes

Electrical Safety

Safety Checklist

Troubleshooting Electrical Problems

Electrical Troubleshooting and Repairs
Licensed Electrician Reveals the Secrets of Successful Electrical Troubleshooting Methods used to solve the majority of the home electrical problems and wiring failures.

Electrical Testers

digital-tester
Using Testers to Help Locate Electrical Problems

Wiring a Shed

Electrical Project: I am installing a sub panel in a garden shed. I bought a GE DEH41160 panel.

How to Wire Sub Panel for a Shed

Jason’s Home Wiring Project:

  • Installing a sub panel in a garden shed.
  • I bought a GE DEH41160.
  • I just want to run 110 to it for some outlets and a light in the shed.
  • The panels manual shows 3 wires running into the panel (hot,neut,ground) but the manual is black and white and they do not indicate which is which and there are no markings on the panel.
  • I do not know what bus is what.

Single-phase, 3-wire, 125 Amp 240 VAC GE DEH41160 Panel

 GE DEH41160 Sub Panel

Wiring Configuration for a GE DEH41160 Sub Panel

Wiring a GE DEH41160 Panel for a Shed

This request came from Jason in Tacoma, Washington.

Dave’s Reply:

Thanks for your sharing your electrical wiring project Jason.

How to Wire a Sub Panel

  • Application: How to Wire a Sub Panel.
  • Skill Level: Intermediate to Advanced – Best performed by a Licensed Electrical Contractor, or Certified Electrician.
  • Electrical Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools, Voltage Tester, and appropriate Safety Gear.
  • Estimated Time: Depends on the personal level experience, ability to work with tools, install electrical circuit wiring, and the available access to the project area.
  • Electrical Safety: Identify the electrical power source to the Sub Panel, turn it OFF and Tag with a Note before working with the electrical wiring.
  • Electrical Wiring Parts and Materials: Electrical parts and materials for the Sub Panel should be approved for the specific project and compliant with local and national electrical codes.
  • Electrical Codes and Inspections: Installing or changing home electrical wiring should be done according to local and national electrical codes as adopted in your specific area of Washington. A permit and inspections may also be required.

How to Wire a Sub Panel in a Shed

This electrical wiring project is about how to provide electrical power to a garden shed for a light and outlets.

Sub Panel How to Wire

Jason, from the information you have provided:

  • In your question, you have described a sub panel which is a  Single-phase, 3-wire, 125 Amp 240 VAC panel – which far exceeds what is needed for a few basic 120 volt outlets and a light in a small garden shed.
  • You have not provided information about what size or type wiring has been installed to the shed, or the power source that you plan to install.
  • You may consider installing a GFCI outlet as the main connection point for the power source, then wiring to the additional outlet, and light switch, and then the light.

    GFCI Outlet

    A GFCI Outlet Provides Ground Fault Protection

 

The Following Resources may Assist You with this Request:
Wiring a Shed with Outlets and a Light
Wiring a Shed with Outlets and a Light. I put in 4 outlets and now wiring the light switch and the fixture.

Install an Electrical Sub Panel

Thinking about installing a Sub Panel? Here is what must be considered first, and you may find that you really do not need a sub panel at all.

More about How to Wire a Sub Panel

Guide to Home Electrical Wire
electrical-wire

Electrical Wire for the Home

Complete listing of electrical wire types and parts used for home projects with electrical code information serves as selection guidelines.

Home Electrical Codes for Main Service Panels
Electrical Wiring Codes

Home Electrical Sub-Panels
electrical-panel-wiring

Sub-Panel Electrical Wiring for the Home

Electrical sub-panel wiring considerations for the home complete with pictures. Careful planning for your Sub-Panel with immediate and future load considerations will help you understand the size your Sub-Panel. This information will help as you consider a Sub-Panel and its size.

Install Home Lighting
recessed lighting

Planning and Installing Home Lighting

Home lighting articles covering recessed lighting, under cabinet lighting, lighting terminology and more.

Wire Electric Outlets
outlet-wiring

Wiring Electrical Outlets for the Home

Home electrical wiring includes 110 volt outlets and 220 volt outlets and receptacles which are common place in every home. See how wiring electrical outlets for the home are done.


Wiring a Shed

Electrical Project: I am installing a sub panel in a garden shed. I bought a GE DEH41160 panel.

How to Wire Sub Panel for a Shed

Jason’s Home Wiring Project:

  • Installing a sub panel in a garden shed.
  • I bought a GE DEH41160.
  • I just want to run 110 to it for some outlets and a light in the shed.
  • The panels manual shows 3 wires running into the panel (hot,neut,ground) but the manual is black and white and they do not indicate which is which and there are no markings on the panel.
  • I do not know what bus is what.

Single-phase, 3-wire, 125 Amp 240 VAC GE DEH41160 Panel

 GE DEH41160 Sub Panel

Wiring Configuration for a GE DEH41160 Sub Panel

Wiring a GE DEH41160 Panel for a Shed

This request came from Jason in Tacoma, Washington.

Dave’s Reply:

Thanks for your sharing your electrical wiring project Jason.

How to Wire a Sub Panel

  • Application: How to Wire a Sub Panel.
  • Skill Level: Intermediate to Advanced – Best performed by a Licensed Electrical Contractor, or Certified Electrician.
  • Electrical Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools, Voltage Tester, and appropriate Safety Gear.
  • Estimated Time: Depends on the personal level experience, ability to work with tools, install electrical circuit wiring, and the available access to the project area.
  • Electrical Safety: Identify the electrical power source to the Sub Panel, turn it OFF and Tag with a Note before working with the electrical wiring.
  • Electrical Wiring Parts and Materials: Electrical parts and materials for the Sub Panel should be approved for the specific project and compliant with local and national electrical codes.
  • Electrical Codes and Inspections: Installing or changing home electrical wiring should be done according to local and national electrical codes as adopted in your specific area of Washington. A permit and inspections may also be required.

How to Wire a Sub Panel in a Shed

This electrical wiring project is about how to provide electrical power to a garden shed for a light and outlets.

Sub Panel How to Wire

Jason, from the information you have provided:

  • In your question, you have described a sub panel which is a  Single-phase, 3-wire, 125 Amp 240 VAC panel – which far exceeds what is needed for a few basic 120 volt outlets and a light in a small garden shed.
  • You have not provided information about what size or type wiring has been installed to the shed, or the power source that you plan to install.
  • You may consider installing a GFCI outlet as the main connection point for the power source, then wiring to the additional outlet, and light switch, and then the light.

    GFCI Outlet

    A GFCI Outlet Provides Ground Fault Protection

 

The Following Resources may Assist You with this Request:
Wiring a Shed with Outlets and a Light
Wiring a Shed with Outlets and a Light. I put in 4 outlets and now wiring the light switch and the fixture.

Install an Electrical Sub Panel

Thinking about installing a Sub Panel? Here is what must be considered first, and you may find that you really do not need a sub panel at all.

More about How to Wire a Sub Panel

Guide to Home Electrical Wire
electrical-wire

Electrical Wire for the Home

Complete listing of electrical wire types and parts used for home projects with electrical code information serves as selection guidelines.

Home Electrical Codes for Main Service Panels
Electrical Wiring Codes

Home Electrical Sub-Panels
electrical-panel-wiring

Sub-Panel Electrical Wiring for the Home

Electrical sub-panel wiring considerations for the home complete with pictures. Careful planning for your Sub-Panel with immediate and future load considerations will help you understand the size your Sub-Panel. This information will help as you consider a Sub-Panel and its size.

Install Home Lighting
recessed lighting

Planning and Installing Home Lighting

Home lighting articles covering recessed lighting, under cabinet lighting, lighting terminology and more.

Wire Electric Outlets
outlet-wiring

Wiring Electrical Outlets for the Home

Home electrical wiring includes 110 volt outlets and 220 volt outlets and receptacles which are common place in every home. See how wiring electrical outlets for the home are done.

Wiring a Wall Outlet

Electrical Project: I am replacing a standard 15 amp duplex receptacle outlet. It has six wires attached, 3 black, 3 white.

Wire Wall Outlet with Multiple Wires

Wil’s Home Wiring Project:

  • I am replacing a standard 15 amp duplex wall outlet, but it has six wires attached, 3 black, 3 white.
  • Four wires use the little screws, and two are in the plug in sockets.
  • Do I tie the extras together, or put a wire nut on each of them?

This request came from Wil in Midlothian, Virginia.

Dave’s Reply:

Thanks for your sharing your electrical wiring project Wil.

How to Wire a Wall Outlet

  • Application: How to Wire a Wall Outlet.
    Skill Level: Intermediate to Advanced – Best performed by a Licensed
  • Electrical Contractor, or Certified Electrician.
  • Electrical Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools, Voltage Tester, and appropriate Safety Gear.
  • Estimated Time: Depends on the personal level experience, ability to work with tools, install electrical circuit wiring, and the available access to the project area.
  • Electrical Safety: Identify the electrical power source to the Wall Outlet, turn it OFF and Tag with a Note before working with the electrical wiring.
  • Electrical Wiring Parts and Materials: Electrical parts and materials for the Wall Outlet should be approved for the specific project and compliant with local and national electrical codes.
  • Electrical Codes and Inspections: Installing or changing home electrical wiring should be done according to local and national electrical codes as adopted in your specific area of Virginia. A permit and inspections may also be required.

How to Wire a Outlet

This electrical wiring project is about How to Wire a Wall Outlet in the Hallway of a Home.
wall outlet wiring

Wall Outlet Wiring Example

Wil, from the information you have provided:

  • The existing wiring method is not the preferred method.
  • Consider the following photo and wiring method as an example.

outlet wiring

Example of Outlet Wiring when there are more than one cable from the electrical circuit

  • An option that works well is to splice all of the wires together from each wire color group, and create a single lead wire from each group to be connected to the new outlet.
  • This way the electrical load will be kept at the wire splice, and not pass through the outlet.
  • This method will prevent burning out the outlet when a large electrical load is placed on the outlet circuit.

More about How to Wire a Wall Outlet

Guide to Home Electrical Wire
electrical-wire

Electrical Wire for the Home

Complete listing of electrical wire types and parts used for home projects with electrical code information serves as selection guidelines.

Wire Electric Outlets
outlet-wiring

Wiring Electrical Outlets for the Home

Home electrical wiring includes 110 volt outlets and 220 volt outlets and receptacles which are common place in every home. See how wiring electrical outlets for the home are done.


Wiring a Wall Outlet

Electrical Project: I am replacing a standard 15 amp duplex receptacle outlet. It has six wires attached, 3 black, 3 white.

Wire Wall Outlet with Multiple Wires

Wil’s Home Wiring Project:

  • I am replacing a standard 15 amp duplex wall outlet, but it has six wires attached, 3 black, 3 white.
  • Four wires use the little screws, and two are in the plug in sockets.
  • Do I tie the extras together, or put a wire nut on each of them?

This request came from Wil in Midlothian, Virginia.

Dave’s Reply:

Thanks for your sharing your electrical wiring project Wil.

How to Wire a Wall Outlet

  • Application: How to Wire a Wall Outlet.
    Skill Level: Intermediate to Advanced – Best performed by a Licensed
  • Electrical Contractor, or Certified Electrician.
  • Electrical Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools, Voltage Tester, and appropriate Safety Gear.
  • Estimated Time: Depends on the personal level experience, ability to work with tools, install electrical circuit wiring, and the available access to the project area.
  • Electrical Safety: Identify the electrical power source to the Wall Outlet, turn it OFF and Tag with a Note before working with the electrical wiring.
  • Electrical Wiring Parts and Materials: Electrical parts and materials for the Wall Outlet should be approved for the specific project and compliant with local and national electrical codes.
  • Electrical Codes and Inspections: Installing or changing home electrical wiring should be done according to local and national electrical codes as adopted in your specific area of Virginia. A permit and inspections may also be required.

How to Wire a Outlet

This electrical wiring project is about How to Wire a Wall Outlet in the Hallway of a Home.
wall outlet wiring

Wall Outlet Wiring Example

Wil, from the information you have provided:

  • The existing wiring method is not the preferred method.
  • Consider the following photo and wiring method as an example.

outlet wiring

Example of Outlet Wiring when there are more than one cable from the electrical circuit

  • An option that works well is to splice all of the wires together from each wire color group, and create a single lead wire from each group to be connected to the new outlet.
  • This way the electrical load will be kept at the wire splice, and not pass through the outlet.
  • This method will prevent burning out the outlet when a large electrical load is placed on the outlet circuit.

More about How to Wire a Wall Outlet

Guide to Home Electrical Wire
electrical-wire

Electrical Wire for the Home

Complete listing of electrical wire types and parts used for home projects with electrical code information serves as selection guidelines.

Wire Electric Outlets
outlet-wiring

Wiring Electrical Outlets for the Home

Home electrical wiring includes 110 volt outlets and 220 volt outlets and receptacles which are common place in every home. See how wiring electrical outlets for the home are done.

Wiring Light Fixtures and Switches
Electrical Problem: How do I fix a problem with a light I am trying to install?

  • I have a problem with a light I am trying to install in my kitchen.
  • The light was originally a fluorescent light but I replaced it with a regular 2 bulb ceiling mount light fixture.
  • There are two cables in the ceiling, (black, white and ground wires in each) one is connected to the kitchen light switch and the second cable is coming from an outlet with a motion sensor outdoor light that is always switched on. Both were originally connected to the fluorescent light.
  • I cannot get the light fixture, or the outside light working. I tried wiring all blacks (4 wires) all whites (4 wires) and all grounds (3 wires) together-(3 bundles) I have also tried the two black from the light wired to one black and the two white from the light to the other black with the two external white wires together and all three grounds together-(4 bundles).
  • It seems like this is a complicated lighting schematic where both light fixtures are getting power from the same source and they need to be wired in parallel.

Not sure what to try next, any help would be greatly appreciated!

This electrical wiring project came from: Andy, a Student in New York.

Dave’s Reply:
Thanks for your electrical wiring question Andy.

Wire Light Switches and Occupancy Sensors

wiring-switchs

  • Application: Troubleshooting and Testing Light Switch Wiring.
  • Skill Level: Intermediate to Advanced. This electrical project is best performed by a licensed electrical contractor.
  • Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools and a Voltage Tester.
  • Estimated Time: Depends on personal level experience, ability to work with hand tools and electrical troubleshooting skills.
  • Precaution: Identify the circuit, turn it OFF and then Tag it with a Note before performing any wiring or inspections.

Wiring Connections for Light Fixtures and Switches

  • Identify the Power Source for the Light Fixture
    • Using my voltage tester, I would carefully identify the power source, making sure that I test the hot to ground and the same hot to neutral.
    • This is done one cable at a time, and one wire at a time.
    • Once the power source is identified I would identify the power source cable with black electrical tape, and cap off the wires using orange or yellow wire nuts.
  • Wiring  Light Switches
    • Next, the wiring to the switches will need to be identified starting by looking at the wiring on the switch so I can see which wires are actually connected to the switch.
    • Then using the ohms scale on my meter or my continuity tester I would test each remaining cable to identify the cable that goes to each switch.
    • I will notice that there are fewer cables left and where they are going is beginning to make since.
  • Wiring a Switch for Two or More Light Fixtures
    • Because the power source is shared with the two light fixtures, then I understand that the white neutral wire of the power source cable will be connected to the neutral wires of each light fixture.
  • Wiring from a Shared Power Source
    • The black wire of the power source will connect to one of the wires leading to the light switch, and the return wire from the light switch will connect to the kitchen light fixture.
    • Because the outside motion light is hot all the time, then it will connect to the black wire of the power source cable.
  • Bonding the Ground Wire
    • All of the earth ground wires are connected together using a wire connector.
    • Additional ground wires are added to this group of ground wires to provide bonding all of the components of the circuit as follows:
      • Light fixtures
      • Light switches
      • Junction box
    • NOTE: Bond the earth ground to these components using Green Grounding Screws and or Bare Copper Wire or Green insulated wire.

More about Wiring Light Fixtures and Light Switches

Light Switch Wiring
Light Switch Wiring
Wiring a Light Switch – Diagram 1
Fully explained pictures and wiring diagrams about wiring light switches describing the most common switches starting with photo diagram 1.

Home lighting
recessed lighting
Home Lighting Articles
Home Lighting Articles covering recessed lighting, under cabinet lighting, lighting terminology and more.

How to Install Kitchen Electrical Wiring
kitchen-electrical-wiring
Kitchen Electrical Wiring
Fully Explained Photos and Wiring Diagrams for Kitchen Electrical Wiring with Code Requirements for most new or remodel projects.


Wiring Light Fixtures and Switches
Electrical Problem: How do I fix a problem with a light I am trying to install?

  • I have a problem with a light I am trying to install in my kitchen.
  • The light was originally a fluorescent light but I replaced it with a regular 2 bulb ceiling mount light fixture.
  • There are two cables in the ceiling, (black, white and ground wires in each) one is connected to the kitchen light switch and the second cable is coming from an outlet with a motion sensor outdoor light that is always switched on. Both were originally connected to the fluorescent light.
  • I cannot get the light fixture, or the outside light working. I tried wiring all blacks (4 wires) all whites (4 wires) and all grounds (3 wires) together-(3 bundles) I have also tried the two black from the light wired to one black and the two white from the light to the other black with the two external white wires together and all three grounds together-(4 bundles).
  • It seems like this is a complicated lighting schematic where both light fixtures are getting power from the same source and they need to be wired in parallel.

Not sure what to try next, any help would be greatly appreciated!

This electrical wiring project came from: Andy, a Student in New York.

Dave’s Reply:
Thanks for your electrical wiring question Andy.

Wire Light Switches and Occupancy Sensors

wiring-switchs

  • Application: Troubleshooting and Testing Light Switch Wiring.
  • Skill Level: Intermediate to Advanced. This electrical project is best performed by a licensed electrical contractor.
  • Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools and a Voltage Tester.
  • Estimated Time: Depends on personal level experience, ability to work with hand tools and electrical troubleshooting skills.
  • Precaution: Identify the circuit, turn it OFF and then Tag it with a Note before performing any wiring or inspections.

Wiring Connections for Light Fixtures and Switches

  • Identify the Power Source for the Light Fixture
    • Using my voltage tester, I would carefully identify the power source, making sure that I test the hot to ground and the same hot to neutral.
    • This is done one cable at a time, and one wire at a time.
    • Once the power source is identified I would identify the power source cable with black electrical tape, and cap off the wires using orange or yellow wire nuts.
  • Wiring  Light Switches
    • Next, the wiring to the switches will need to be identified starting by looking at the wiring on the switch so I can see which wires are actually connected to the switch.
    • Then using the ohms scale on my meter or my continuity tester I would test each remaining cable to identify the cable that goes to each switch.
    • I will notice that there are fewer cables left and where they are going is beginning to make since.
  • Wiring a Switch for Two or More Light Fixtures
    • Because the power source is shared with the two light fixtures, then I understand that the white neutral wire of the power source cable will be connected to the neutral wires of each light fixture.
  • Wiring from a Shared Power Source
    • The black wire of the power source will connect to one of the wires leading to the light switch, and the return wire from the light switch will connect to the kitchen light fixture.
    • Because the outside motion light is hot all the time, then it will connect to the black wire of the power source cable.
  • Bonding the Ground Wire
    • All of the earth ground wires are connected together using a wire connector.
    • Additional ground wires are added to this group of ground wires to provide bonding all of the components of the circuit as follows:
      • Light fixtures
      • Light switches
      • Junction box
    • NOTE: Bond the earth ground to these components using Green Grounding Screws and or Bare Copper Wire or Green insulated wire.

More about Wiring Light Fixtures and Light Switches

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Fully explained pictures and wiring diagrams about wiring light switches describing the most common switches starting with photo diagram 1.

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