Workshop Electrical Wiring
Summary: Fully Explained Photos and Wiring Diagrams for Workshop Electrical Wiring with Code Requirements for most new or remodel projects*.
How to Wire a Workshop
Considerations to help determine the Panel Size:
Important Factor: Find out if the Main Service or the Panel that will supply the circuit to the workshop has adequate Load Capacity and space for the circuit breaker.
How big will the workshop be? (Square Feet)
This will be used to size any heating or air conditioning units as well as help you lay out the electrical wiring for workshops with outlets for work benches and stand alone equipment such as drill presses, table saws, welders etc.
Workshop Blueprint and Wiring Design Layout
Equipment Considerations when Wiring a Workshop
Wire Types and Capacities, cables and common wire types.
Select the right box for your application.
Make a List of all the things you will use to help you plan your electrical wiring for workshops.
Workshop Electrical Circuit Wiring Options
120 volt devices:
Electrical outlets for Hand Tools
Bench Mounted Equipment
240 volt equipment:
Correct amperage for all loads and future requirements.
Room for Full Size Circuit Breakers for all your circuits.
120/240 Volt Sub-Panel Circuit Requirements
Electrical Wire Colors of a 4-Wire System consisting of:
2-Insulated Power Conductors (Black & Red)
1-Insulated Neutral Conductor (White)
(Bare or Green)
Workshop Circuits Wired and and Ready for Projects
You Can Avoid Costly Mistakes!
Here is How to Do It:
Wire It Right with the help of my Illustrated Wiring Book
Great for any Home Wiring Project.
Perfect for Homeowners, Students,
Handyman, Handywomen, and Electricians
Wiring GFCI Outlets
Wiring Home Electric Circuits
120 Volt and 240 Volt Outlet Circuits
Wiring Light Switches
Wiring 3-Wire and 4-Wire Electric Range
Wiring 3-Wire and 4-Wire Dryer Cord and Dryer Outlet
How to Troubleshoot and Repair Electrical Wiring
Wiring Methods for Upgrading Electrical Wiring
NEC Codes for Home Electrical Wiring
....and much more.
Questions about Wiring a Workshop
Installing Electrical Outlets in a Garage Workshop
How many electric outlets can I have on the same circuit? Installing Circuit Wiring for Outlets in a Workshop Garage.
Installing a Workshop Panel for a Welder
How should I Install a Panel in my Workshop for a Welder? How to Plan Your Garage or Workshop Electrical Wiring, Selecting the Type and Size Panel for a Workshop, Example of Properly Sizing a Workshop Panel.
How to Convert Existing Electric Circuit Wiring
Can I convert the circuit wiring in my shop to be used for different equipment? Converting Existing Circuit Wiring in a Workshop or Garage.
How to Wire a Vacuum System for Workshop Tools
How to Wire an Automatic Vacuum Control for Shop Tools: Power Tools and a Shop Vac or a House Vacuum System, Automating a Whole House Vacuum System for Shop Tools
Electrical Power Design for a Garage Workshop
I am planning a workshop in my garage where I will have 220 volt equipment: How to Install Wiring for a Garage Workshop.
Question from Ken in Granite Shoals, Texas:
What size wire is needed for Wiring Workshop Lights and Outlets?
I’m putting up a metal building workshop and wiring for 110volts. I’m planning to run a light circuit and a circuit for smaller electrical tools, both 15 amp circuits. What size wire is needed to run 40 ft. from main panel to the junction box? What size breaker at main panel? Can wiring be exposed Romex or does have to be in conduit?
Electrical Wiring for a Workshop
I would highly encourage you to consider installing a sub panel in the new workshop that will have enough amperage capacity for your planned electrical circuit loads, and any possible future equipment that may be added. Once the workshop calculated loads have been established the size of the sub panel may be known. The wire size for the workshop sub panel will depend on the method used for the wiring, such as using an underground conduit or overhead wiring, and if copper or aluminum wire will be used. Consult the wire size calculator found on this website which will help you select the right wire size for the distance of the wire run. The workshop should not have exposed wiring, therefore it is best to protect the wiring by installing electrical conduit and metal boxes at each device location.
Installing Workshop Receptacles How Many Workshop Receptacles on a GFCI Circuit
Question from Bruce:
How many receptacles can I put down stream after a GFCI? I am running a 15 amp circuit in my new workshop with 12-2 wire.
This electrical question came from: Bruce, a Handyman from La Mesa, California.
Bruce, for a workshop application it will really depend on what the receptacles will be used for or what will be plugged into the receptacles. The other consideration is how many of these tools or devices will be operated at the same time. If these receptacles are for general purpose and conveniently located and the circuit load will be low then you can place as many as you wish, 10 or may be 12. The point is that you will be limited by the amperage of the circuit, not how many receptacles you actually have. I guess the easiest way to explain this is that just because you have 10 receptacles does not mean that there is a load on the circuit, that only happens once tools or equipment is plugged in and is being used. By the way, if 12-2 wire is being installed then the circuit breaker may be sized at 20 amps, not 15 amps.
Installing Workshop WiringShould I Install Electrical Conduit or Cable Wiring in my Workshop?
Question from Clyde:
I am about to start wiring my steel frame shop building for my 240 V air compressor, welders, and auto lift, plus assorted lights and outlets for power tools. Do I need to run all of the wiring through conduit or can I use Romex?
Clyde, If the finished walls will be open so that the wiring will be exposed then the electrical wiring will need to be installed in conduit to provide protection. However, if the walls will be finished off with a covering such as sheet rock that will provide protection for the wiring then Romex type cable may be installed as long as it is permissible in your area. Be sure to ask your local building department when you obtain your permit and they will inform you.
Electric Panel Wiring for a Workshop
Gary asks: I’m building a Workshop. I plan on putting in 100 amp breaker panel with a main breaker. The power will be run underground from the back of the house to the left side of the garage. I also want to run a separate 2″ schedule 40 conduit, to run wires for telephone, cable, intercom, etc. between the house and the garage. These would be run at a later date. How much interference if any will there be, to the telephone and cable by burying them in the same trench with the main power line in the same trench?
Typically there is at least a one foot separation between the two conduits in the trench. This separation will help keep EMF interference from occurring between the electrical power conduit and the communication conduit. To reduce the possibility of EMF noise interference problems between cables it is always best to install communication cables that are shielded with the outer metallic shielding. This shielding is then grounded at one end of the cable to help suppress the EMF noise.