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Electric Panel Circuit Breakers and Fuses

Summary: A guide to home electrical circuit breakers and how they work to protect your electrical wiring. When properly installed, your home electrical wiring is protected by a circuit protection device.

Electrical Circuit Protection using Circuit Breakers

The electric circuit breakers serving your home wiring circuits are intended for switching and protection of your home's wiring from high temperatures caused by excess current higher than the rating of the wire.

While thermal magnetic circuit breakers are the key element for overload and short circuit protection of your home electrical system, there are potentially dangerous conditions that do not involve overcurrent.

The following circuit breakers should be utilized to provide further protection with house wiring.

Circuit Breakers and Panels

home circuit breaker danger

Home Circuit Breakers

A visual guide to home circuit breakers and the home electrical panel system.
Circuit Breaker Panel

Circuit Breaker Panel

The home circuit breaker panel contains several circuit breakers that are carefully installed by experienced electricians and electrical contractors.

Basic House Wiring Circuits and Circuit Breakers

This article looks at common 120 volt and 240 volt house wiring circuits and the circuit breakers that are installed identifying the types and amperage sizes used in most homes.
electrical circuit breakers

Electrical Circuit Breakers

Electrical circuit breakers protect the electrical wiring in our homes from overloading and over heating which can lead to a house fire. Described below are some of the electrical circuit breakers found in the electrical panel of a modern home.
15 Amp Circuit Breaker

15 Amp Circuit Breaker

Learn about the 15 Amp Circuit Breaker for home electrical circuits.
General Electric Circuit Breakers

General Electric Circuit Breakers

A guide to the commonly used General Electric circuit breakers and panels for homes.
Zinsco Circuit Breakers

Zinsco Circuit Breakers

Learn about Zinsco Circuit Breakers which are used in some home electrical panels and understand why some of these circuit breakers have had problems.
fuses and circuit breakers

Fuses and Circuit Breakers

All about fuses and circuit breakers and how they have evolved over the years and are used to protect your home electrical system.

GFCI and AFCI Circuit Breakers

Electric circuit protection with AFCI provide the extra measure of safety for your family. AFCI's are installed serving required house wiring circuits protecting areas such as the bedrooms. AFCI protects the bedroom circuit devices against the danger of arcing which can lead to fire.

GFCI Ground Fault Circuit Breakers

Electric circuit protection with GFCI provide the extra measure of safety for your family. GFCI's are installed serving required house wiring circuits protecting areas where electrical appliances or products may come into contact with water, such as the kitchen, bathroom, laundry, hot tub areas and more.

Electric Circuit Listing

The size of the home electrical service panel is designed by calculating the square footage of the home and factoring in the code requirements for the electrical circuits that are required.

How to Install and Wire A Sub-Panel

Electrical Sub-Panel wiring considerations for the home complete with pictures. Careful planning for your Sub-Panel with immediate and future load considerations will help you understand how to size your Sub-Panel. This information will help as you consider a Sub-Panel and its size.

Single or 1-Pole Circuit Breakers

circuit breaker

Single pole or 1-pole circuit breakers are most commonly use to protect our general use device circuits. These circuit breakers provide 120 volts to circuits that are typically used in our homes.
Listed below are the most commonly used 1-pole circuits:



Two-pole circuit breakers are used for larger home appliances and equipment. The 2-pole circuit breaker provides 240 volts to these larger electrical circuits. Below is a listing of where 2-pole 240 volt circuits are generally used:

Range or Oven

Clothes Dryer

Garage or Work Shop
Air Compressor
Table Saw

Other Equipment:
Air Conditioning
Water Heaters

Quad circuit breakers are ideal when panel space is limited and you need to add another 2-pole circuit. This solution provides two 2-pole circuits to be installed in the same location as one standard full size 2-pole circuit breaker. The Quad circuit breaker has pre-installed tie-bars that allow the two circuits to be operated independently of one another, while providing protection for each 240 volt circuit. As with the standard full size 2-pole 240 volt circuit breakers, the quad breaker could be used for larger home appliances circuits..
Below is a listing of where 2-pole 240 volt circuits are generally used:
Range or Oven
Clothes Dryer
Garage or Work Shop
Air Compressor
Table Saw
Other Equipment:
Air Conditioning
Water Heaters

Four single circuits with single pole requirements can be installed on quad breakers that do not have tie-bars installed.

Three wire cables that are installed having two circuits and sharing the same neutral require the tie bars to be installed. Assigning each circuit to be placed on alternate busses is essential to prevent the neutral from becoming overloaded.

Quad circuit breakers are available
with the following configurations:
Two 2-Pole 240 Volt Circuit
Four 1-Pole 120 Volt Circuits

Circuit Breaker and Surge Arresters

Circuit Breaker Electrical Wiring

Can Two Circuits Be Placed on One Breaker?

I have a small mobile home that I am replacing the gas water heater and stove with electric. I had one double space left in my breaker box and had put in a double 30 breaker for the water heater. I have a 200 amp supply, but limited breaker space due to it being an RV power post in a park, I wanted to know if I could use a double 50 breaker in place of the double 30 and wire both the stove and water heater into the same breaker?
Thank You

Straight away I will tell you the answer is absolutely NOT, but you do have another alternative. First of all, what you would like to do may sound completely logical, but here is the danger. A circuit breaker is designed to protect the circuit components and especially the wiring from overheating and causing a fire. When a lower amperage wire is connected to a higher amperage circuit breaker, the rated circuit protection is not matched correctly. But there is a possible solution, depending on the type of breaker panel that you have. In a case like this I would see if I could install what is known as a Quad Circuit breaker. A "Quad" circuit breaker allows two 2-pole circuits to be installed in the place of one full size 2-pole circuit breaker.
Be sure to size the circuit breaker correctly for the size of wire that is installed for the proper protection.

See more about Wire Sizes: https://ask-the-electrician.com/electrical-wire.html

NOTE: This question is based on a specific project. Ask The Electrician provides help for your electrical project: Ask Electrical Questions

Brands of Home Circuit Breakers:

Cutler Hammer
Square D


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Questions about Electric Circuit Breakers

Questions about Electric Circuit Breakers

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