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Home Office Electrical Wiring

home-office-wiring Summary: Fully Explained Photos and Wiring Diagrams for Home Office Electrical Wiring with Code Requirements for most new or remodel projects*.
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How to Install Home Office Electrical Wiring

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Home-based businesses are more popular than ever before. Business owners are carving out areas in their homes to set up their home-based business.

They can be found in a shared area of the home or a converted spare bedroom or perhaps even a converted garage.

No matter where you have decided to locate your home office, you will want to give thought to some of the basic necessities that will enhance your business productivity.

We will be considering basic home electrical wiring for home office electrical devices as well as information and communications.

Lighting Options for the Home Office

Home Office Electrical Projects

Home Office Blueprint and Wiring Design Layout

To reduce fatigue and eye strain, we will address the subject of lighting.  If you have a dedicated room for your home office, you will want to consider ceiling mounted fixtures that will provide ample lighting and perhaps add a little style to your business. 

By having your business at home you may want to take advantage of some of the newer styles of lighting such as track lighting, pendant lighting, cable lighting and even some of the newer models of ceiling fan and lighting combinations.  Some of these selections will require special low-voltage power supplies and controls.  Others will operate with traditional fixture wiring.

Equipping the Home Office for Functionality

Desk top or workspace task lighting fixtures that will provide additional lighting and a little style to your home office are available in all shapes and sizes.

Home Office Receptacles and Power Supplies

No doubt you will be using a PC and other electronic items to assist you in your business.  Grounded receptacles in your home electrical wiring for home office area will provide necessary protection for your electronic devices.  Depending on your location, power quality, and dependability, you may want to consider plug strips which contain surge suppression protection.  Some units are sold with warranties to replace approved equipment that have been plugged into these devices should they be damaged by a power surge.  Another consideration would be a UPS (uninterruptible power supply).  A good UPS will provide backup power on a limited basis, allowing you time to save your information.  Some of these UPS units will actually provide surge and circuit protection for your PC and other external devices.  I can't emphasize enough the importance of computer protection and solid backup provisions for your important information.

Internet access is provided by several connection systems including cable and the telephone system.  Both of these methods will require cabling for the access points to be connected to your PC or your home network.

The cable modem method will require the installation of a wires and cable which in turn will be connected either to your PC or to a Router that is connected to your home network.

The DSL connection will require a phone cable to be installed to a modem installed at your PC location or to a router that is connected to your home network.

Provisions to protect these cable distribution methods against lightning strikes and other electrical storms are something that you should consider for the home electrical wiring for home office.

Electrical Circuit Wiring Options for Home Office

Cable Electrical Project Phone Jack Home Office Home Office Wireless Network
Internet Options Network Wiring Wireless Network
Home Office Power UPS Home Office Home Alarm Project
Dedicated Circuit UPS Power Supply Home Security System
Home Office Recessed Lights Home Office Track Lighting Home Office Lighting Control
Recessed Lighting Track Lighting Lighting Controls

Considerations for the Home Office

Communication Devices are Necessities for Most Home Businesses.

Power Quality to Protect your Equipment is a Must.

Home Security Keeps Your Hard Work Safe.

Proper Lighting Reduces Fatigue and Stress.

Questions about Home Office Electrical Wiring

Mike in Wisconsin asks:
Wiring for an Office

I will be tying into a sub box with a 20 amp breaker. Running the wire-12 gauge, to a room for an simple office. There will be one wall switch and two wall outlets and 2 ceiling mounted can lights. What would be the best way to wire this scenario? My understanding is for the wall outlets , I will need 12 gauge wire and for the lighting I can use 14. Is that correct? Or can I use 14 gauge wire for everything?

Dave’s Reply:
Branch Circuit Wire Size

The size of the wire will depend on the circuit wire that is being tied into. The extended wire gauge must be the same as the existing circuit wire size.

  • Electrical Power Quality

  • How to Select a Power Conditioning Unit – Constant-voltage transformers which provide voltage regulation, filter noise, and suppress surges to protect connected equipment.

    • Wall Outlets and Outlet Strips

    • Are Outlet Plug Strips Safe to Use? How to Use Surge Protection Outlet Plug Strips.

      The Brass Tab and Switched Outlets

      Question: I replaced the outlet. The bottom worked with the light switch. the back of the old outlet had 3 white wires to holes in the back and 1 black wire. There were two additional black wires on the bottom screw on the right if you were looking at the outlet with the two prongs on top and hole on bottom. There was also a green ground wire to the ground post. I wired the new outlet the same as the old one and now the switch will not work. What did I do wrong? Thanks, Mike

      Dave's Reply: Mike, make sure the brass tab has been removed that bridges the top and bottom receptacles together. Also, screw terminals should only have one wire attached. If there are additional wires then they may be attached using the pigtail and splice method.

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