How to Install and Wire a Bathroom Exhaust Fan with Light and Heater
Mike in Virginia asks; Electrical Wiring for Bathroom Exhaust Fan Combo Unit and Switches: Dedicated Circuit for the Exhaust Fan and Heater, Identify the Circuit Power Requirement, Wiring Method for a Combo Exhaust Fan, Cables and Neutral Wire Connections.
Wiring a Combo Exhaust Fan Unit
Electrical Question: I have a bathroom that has an Exhaust Fan with a Light and Heater which are all separate units.
- I want to replace this original set up with a newer all in one bathroom exhaust fan unit that has an exhaust fan with a light and heat functions all built in to one the one unit.
- In the attic there were two wire cable feeds. One cable is for the existing heater and the other is for the light and fan.
- On the bathroom wall there are three wall switches. One switch is for the exhaust fan, one switch for the ceiling fan light and one switch for the light over the vanity.
- There is a dial switch for the heater. The problem is that the cable wire feeds in the attic for the fan and light are not hot, they only the feed power for the heater.
- I pulled the wall switches out of the wall and they all have jumpers connecting them. The vanity switch is hot and has power, but I do not get power at the other two switches.
- I checked the circuit breaker panel and there does not appear to be any tripped breakers. What do I look for or how do I wire this?
This electrical wiring question came from Mike, in Roanoke, Virginia.
Additional Comments: Love to hear all the audios on your website, Thanks for all the help!
Thanks for your electrical wiring question Mike.
Application: Wiring for Bathroom Exhaust Fan.
Skill Level: Beginner to Intermediate, best installed by a licensed electrical contractor.
Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools, sheet rock saw, stud locating sensor, a non-conductive ladder, drop cloth and a Voltage Tester.
Estimated Time: Depends on personal level experience, ability to work with tools and the access to the attic area above the bathroom for the new exhaust fan.
Precaution: If there is an existing circuit then it should be identified, turned OFF and Tagged with a Note before working with the wiring.
Electrical Wiring for Bathroom Exhaust Fan Combo Unit and Switches
The bathroom exhaust fan combo units that have the a built in heater and light require a special circuit and careful attention when wiring the wall switches with the process as described in this example
Wiring a Dedicated Circuit for a Bathroom Fan and Heater
- Dedicated Circuit for the Exhaust Fan and Heater
- The bathroom wiring as described in the question of this project appears to have a separate circuit for the existing heater due to the high amount of power or amperage required for the electric heater, however this will need to be specifically identified for the circuit amperage and voltage to make sure.
- Identify the Circuit Power Requirement
- Keep in mind that there are different sizes, types and styles available for combo bathroom exhaust fan units, and the size of the bathroom and the exact location for the new exhaust fan unit will help determine the selection.
- Once the exhaust fan unit has been purchased the circuit power requirement must be identified as stated in the installation manual.
- If the existing circuit being used for the ceiling heater is a dedicated circuit that matches the installation specifications then a new circuit is not required, otherwise a new circuit will be required.
- Wiring Method for a Combo Exhaust Fan
- The wiring method for the circuit will either have the circuit power located up in the ceiling or down at the wall switch box.
- When the circuit power is located at the wall box for the switches the wiring will be much less confusing and easier to wire.
- Cables and Neutral Wire Connections
- Typically one or two cables will be installed from the wall switch box leading up to the exhaust fan unit, the exact configuration will depend on the type of wall switch control and the internal wiring for the exhaust fan unit.
- With most units the neutral is shared for all three devices, and one switched wire for each function, and the ground is required as well.
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Testers to Help Solve Electrical Problems
Consult your Local Building Department about Permits and Inspections for all Electric Wiring Projects.
The Safest Way to Test Electrical Devices and Identify Electric Wires!The Non-Contact Electrical Tester
This is a testing tool that I have had in my personal electrical tool pouch for years, and is the first test tool I grab to help identify electrical wiring. It is a Non-contact tester that I use to easily Detect Voltage in Cables, Cords, Circuit Breakers, Lighting Fixtures, Switches, Outlets and Wires. Simply insert the end of the tester into an outlet, lamp socket, or hold the end of the tester against the wire you wish to test. Very handy and easy to use.
The Quickest Way to Check for Faulty Electrical Wiring!The Plug-In Outlet Tester
This is the first tool I grab to troubleshoot a problem with outlet circuit wiring. This popular tester is also used by most inspectors to test for power and check the polarity of circuit wiring.
It detects probable improper wiring conditions in standard 110-125 VAC outlets Provides 6 probable wiring conditions that are quick and easy to read for ultimate efficiency Lights indicate if wiring is correct and indicator light chart is included Tests standard 3-wire outlets UL Listed Light indicates if wiring is incorrect Very handy and easy to use.
Strip Off Wire Insulation without Nicking and Damaging the Electric Wire!The Wire Stripper and Wire Cutter
My absolute favorite wire stripping tool that I have had in my personal electrical tool pouch for years, and this is the tool I use to safely strip electrical wires.
This handy tool has multiple uses:
The wire gauges are shown on the side of the tool so you know which slot to use for stripping insulation.
The end of the tool can be used to grip and bend wire which is handy for attaching wire onto the screw terminals of switches and outlets..
The wire stripper will work on both solid and stranded wire. This tool is Very Handy and Easy to Use.
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