How to Extend the Wiring from a 3-Way Switch
The Key to Understanding Light Switch Wiring and Knowing What You Can and Cannot Do
White Wires and Light Switch Wiring
Electrical Question: I am trying to figure out how to finish my circuit. I have a 3 way switch controlling a light(in the middle) where the power(2wire) comes into the first gang box that has the leg going out to the light there. The other switch(on the other side of the room)has been wired to control this light as well using 3 wire. (The white coded as black). Using a double gang box for this second box, I’m trying to add an additional single pole switch and continue power to control another light, but I don’t know where this light’s white return wire should connect to, because the white in the box is coded for hot (black).
This electrical question came from: Jeff, from Richmond, Virginia
See more about Home Wiring for Virginia
Thanks for your electrical question Jeff
Understanding Light Switch Wiring
Understanding how a White Wire is used for light switches can be very confusing, and here is why:
- Just because you see a “White Wire” in a switch box does not necessarily mean that it is a “Neutral Wire”.
- It is often found that the White Wire is actually used for switching the hot, thereby being part of what is known as a “Switched Leg” which is nothing more than switching the hot side of the light circuit.
- In years past and before the days of DIY home wiring, the white wire was used for switching and was not identified with black tape or a black marker which is now required. This was fine for us electricians because we understood this principle.
- To complicate the issue, seasoned electricians know that long ago the neutral wire was used for switching light fixtures, not the hot wire. This practice was discontinued but every once and a while we still find this in some older homes, especially where there is knob and tube wiring.
The Key to Understanding Light Switch Wiring
- What you can and cannot do will be based entirely on how the lighting circuit is wired and where the “Neutral Wire” actually is.
- If you have not installed the electrical wiring then this is best discovered by using a voltage tester.
- Once you have identified the location of the neutral wire you will then know if and how the wiring may be extended to accomplish your desired extension of the circuit wiring , or if it is even possible due to finished walls or available access.
Wiring a Light Switch – Diagram 1
Fully Explained Light Switch Wiring Diagrams. Detailed Electrical Wiring Diagrams and Pictures assist your Home Electrical Projects.
Electrical Wire for the Home
Complete listing of electrical wire types and parts used for home projects with electrical code information serves as selection guidelines.
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The Safest Way to Test Electrical Devices and Identify Electric Wiring!The Non-Contact Electrical Tester
This is a testing tool that I have had in my personal electrical tool pouch for years, and is the first test tool I grab to help identify electrical wiring. It is a Non-contact tester, [amazon.com], I use for the detection of Standard Voltage in Cables, Cords, Circuit Breakers, Lighting Fixtures, Switches, Outlets and Wires. Simply insert the end of the tester into an outlet, lamp socket, or hold the end of the tester against the wire you wish to test. Very handy and easy to use.
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