GFCI Outlets and Aluminum Wire
How to Safely Wire GFCI Outlets: Creating a Copper Pig Tail with Aluminum Wire, Working with Aluminum Wire, Splicing Aluminum Wire, Anti-Corrosion Ointment for Aluminum Wire, Attaching Aluminum Wire, AL/CU Rated Outlets and Switches.
Wiring GFCI Outlets
Electrical Question: Are GFI outlets compatible with aluminum wiring, or do I need to make pigtails?
- I’m changing all the plugs and switches in a house and need to pass a electrical inspection.
This home electrical wiring question came from: Ed, in Oshawa, Ontario, Canada.
Thanks for your electrical wiring question Ed.
How to Safely Wire GFCI Outlets
Application: Wiring or Replacing a GFCI Outlet.
Skill Level: Beginner to Intermediate.
Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools and a Voltage Tester.
Estimated Time: Depends on personal level experience, ability to work with tools and the number of outlets that will be replaced.
Precaution: Identify the GFCI outlet circuit, turn it OFF and Tag it with a Note before working with the wiring.
Creating a Copper Pig Tail with Aluminum Wire
- Working with Aluminum Wire
- Special methods must be applied when working with aluminum electrical wiring in order to prevent corrosion and loose connections which can be caused by heat as a result of the amperage load which is placed on electrical circuit wiring and components.
- Splicing Aluminum Wire
- When installing or replacing 120 volt 15 amp or 20 amp switches and outlet receptacles where aluminum wiring has been installed, the aluminum wires should be spliced together and a copper wire pigtail should be added.
- Anti-Corrosion Ointment for Aluminum Wire
- The splice must be coated with approved AL/CU anti-corrosion ointment and approved AL/CU wire connectors of the appropriate size must be used.
- Attaching Aluminum Wire
The copper pig tail will then be attached to the outlet or light switch terminal depending on the device or the application.
- AL/CU Rated Outlets and Switches
In locations where it is allowed, aluminum wire may be attached directly to outlets and switches that are identified and labeled with the approved AL/CU wire type designation.
More about Wiring GFCI Outlets
GFCI and GFI Wiring Diagrams
- The features and benefits of GFCI outlets and receptacles will give you a clear understanding of the importance why these safety devices are required by code to help protect you and your family against accidental electrical shock hazards.
- This list of articles will help you learn about the features and benefits provided by GFI and GFCI Receptacles and how they are wired.
Wiring Electrical Outlets for the Home
- Home electrical wiring includes 110 volt outlets and 220 volt outlets and receptacles which are common place in every home. See how wiring electrical outlets for the home are done.
Consult your Local Building Department about Permits and Inspections for all Electric Wiring Projects.
The Safest Way to Test Electrical Devices and Identify Electric Wires!The Non-Contact Electrical Tester
This is a testing tool that I have had in my personal electrical tool pouch for years, and is the first test tool I grab to help identify electrical wiring. It is a Non-contact tester that I use to easily Detect Voltage in Cables, Cords, Circuit Breakers, Lighting Fixtures, Switches, Outlets and Wires. Simply insert the end of the tester into an outlet, lamp socket, or hold the end of the tester against the wire you wish to test. Very handy and easy to use.
The Quickest Way to Check for Faulty Electrical Wiring!The Plug-In Outlet Tester
This is the first tool I grab to troubleshoot a problem with outlet circuit wiring. This popular tester is also used by most inspectors to test for power and check the polarity of circuit wiring.
It detects probable improper wiring conditions in standard 110-125 VAC outlets Provides 6 probable wiring conditions that are quick and easy to read for ultimate efficiency Lights indicate if wiring is correct and indicator light chart is included Tests standard 3-wire outlets UL Listed Light indicates if wiring is incorrect Very handy and easy to use.
Strip Off Wire Insulation without Nicking and Damaging the Electric Wire!The Wire Stripper and Wire Cutter
My absolute favorite wire stripping tool that I have had in my personal electrical tool pouch for years, and this is the tool I use to safely strip electrical wires.
This handy tool has multiple uses:
The wire gauges are shown on the side of the tool so you know which slot to use for stripping insulation.
The end of the tool can be used to grip and bend wire which is handy for attaching wire onto the screw terminals of switches and outlets..
The wire stripper will work on both solid and stranded wire. This tool is Very Handy and Easy to Use.
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