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Electrical Codes for GFCI

Summary: Listing of electrical codes for gfci with examples of electrical gfci codes for home electrical wiring.


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Electrical Code Definitions for GFCI Circuits and Outlets


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UNDERSTANDING GROUND-FAULT PROTECTION

Introduction to electrical codes for ground fault circuits and devices:

NEC 210-8 At dwellings, ground-fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) protection shall be provided for all receptacle outlets installed in bathrooms, garages, grade-level portions of unfinished accessory buildings, crawl spaces, unfinished basements, at kitchen countertops, wet-bar sinks, and outdoors. Receptacles that are not readily accessible could be exempt from the GFCI requirement.

Code Adoption Information: The codes shown are examples only and may not be current or accurate for your application or jurisdiction. Contact your local building authority for complete information.

NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE


NEC 210.8 Ground-fault Circuit-Interrupter (GFCI) protection shall be provided for all 125-volt, 15 and 20 amp receptacle outlets installed outdoors, in boathouses, garages, unfinished accessory buildings, crawl spaces at or below grade level, unfinished basements, bathrooms, at kitchen countertops and within 6 feet of the outside edge of the sink in laundry rooms, utility rooms, and at wet-bars.

NEC 210.8 Ground-Fault Protection basements, unfinished
At dwellings, ground-fault circuit-interrupter (GFCI) protection shall be provided for all receptacle outlets

NEC 210.8 Ground-Fault Protection bathrooms
At dwellings, ground-fault circuit-interrupter (GFCI) protection shall be provided for all receptacle outlets in bathrooms, garages, crawl spaces, unfinished basements, kitchen countertops, wet-bar sinks, boathouses and outdoors.

NEC 210.8 Ground-Fault Protection boathouses
At dwellings, ground-fault circuit-interrupter (GFCI) protection shall be provided for all receptacle outlets

NEC 210.8 Ground-Fault Protection crawl spaces
At dwellings, ground-fault circuit-interrupter (GFCI) protection shall be provided for all receptacle outlets

NEC 210.8 Ground-Fault Protection garages
At dwellings, ground-fault circuit-interrupter (GFCI) protection shall be provided for all receptacle outlets

NEC 210.8 Ground-Fault Protection kitchen countertops
At dwellings, ground-fault circuit-interrupter (GFCI) protection shall be provided for all receptacle outlets

NEC 210.8 Ground-Fault Protection outdoor
At dwellings, ground-fault circuit-interrupter (GFCI) protection shall be provided for all receptacle outlets

NEC 210.8 Ground-Fault Protection wet-bar sinks
At dwellings, ground-fault circuit-interrupter (GFCI) protection shall be provided for all receptacle outlets

NEC 210.8 Ground-Fault Protection accessory buildings unfinished
At dwellings, ground-fault circuit-interrupter (GFCI) protection shall be provided for all receptacle outlets

NEC 210.8 Ground-Fault Protection laundry
At dwellings, ground-fault circuit-interrupter (GFCI) protection shall be provided for all receptacle outlets

NEC 210.8 Ground-Fault Protection garages
At dwellings, ground-fault circuit-interrupter (GFCI) protection shall be provided for all receptacle outlets

NEC 210.8 Ground-Fault Protection utility rooms
At dwellings, ground-fault circuit-interrupter (GFCI) protection shall be provided for all receptacle outlets

NEC 230.54 Electrical Services conduit raceways Service entrance raceways shall be rain-tight and arranged to drain.

NEC 680.22 General Circuitry pool pump motors
All 15- and 20-amp, single-phase, 125-volt or 240-volt outlets supplying pool pump motors shall have GFCI protection.

NEC 680.22 Grounded Bonding Grid pools
An equipment potential bonding grid to mitigate step and touch voltage potential shall be installed at outdoor pools, spas and hot tubs as well as livestock areas, and at outdoor electrical equipment in and adjacent to natural and artificially made bodies of water.

NEC 680-40 Spas and Hot Tubs installed outdoors shall comply with the specific grounding and bonding requirements of a permanently installed swimming pool.

NEC 680-70 A Hydro Massage Bathtub, defined as a permanently installed bathtub with a re circulating piping system, designed to accept, re circulate and discharge water upon each use, and its associated components, shall have ground-fault circuit-interrupter protection.

NEC 680.71 Ground-Fault Protection hydro massage bathroom hydro massage
A hydro massage bathtub, (defined as a permanently installed bathtub with a re-circulating piping system, designed to discharge water upon each use, and its associated components] shall have ground-fault circuit-interrupter protection. All 125 volt receptacles not exceeding 30 amperes installed within 5 feet of the inside walls of the hydro massage bathtub shall be GFCI protected. All equipment associated with a hydro massage bathtub shall be accessible without damaging the building structure or finish

NEC 680-72 Additionally, all 125-volt receptacles installed within 5 feet of the inside walls of the hydro massage tub shall also be GFCI protected.

NEC 680-72 All equipment, motors and controls associated with a hydro massage bathtub shall be accessible without damaging the building structure or finish.

The insulating value of human skin is drastically reduced when a person is wet. When installed in the water, in pool walls, on pool decks, or adjacent to swimming,
wading, therapeutic, and decorative pools, fountains, hot tubs, spas and hydro massage bathtubs, all electrical wiring and equipment shall comply with special requirements in the NEC.

Residential Electrical Code Examples for Gfci

IRC Codes
GFCI Protection
1.GFCI protection is required for all 125 volt, 15 or 20 amp receptacles used for temporary power during construction. NEC 527.6

2.Fixed electric heating equipment for pipelines and vessels shall have ground fault protection (outlets under trailers, etc). NEC 427.22

3.All receptacles in bathrooms, garages, outdoors, crawls spaces, unfinished basements, and basement rooms not intended for habitation shall have GFCI Protection. NEC 210.8

4.All receptacles serving kitchen counter tops or within 6 feet of any sink shall have GFCI Protection. NEC 210.8.

Always contact your local building authority for complete and up to date code information.


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NEC Codes for Home Electrical Wiring
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More about Electrical Codes for GFCI


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Questions about Electrical Codes for GFCI


Questions about Residential Electrical Wiring Codes for GFCI Protection


Question from Martin in Mobile, Alabama.

Are there GFCI receptacles that are approved for aluminum wires?

My house has all aluminum wiring and I want to install a GFCI outlet. Do they make GFCI receptacles for aluminum wire?

Dave’s Answer:

Yes Martin, the type of GFCI receptacle outlet you will look for is one with the type of wire terminals that are designed for AL/CU, which is Aluminum and Copper Wires.


Question from Richard in Scottsdale, Arizona.

Why doesn’t my second bathroom have a GFCI Outlet?

My house is built in 1986. The master bathroom has a GFI outlet, but the 2nd bathroom does not. Is this correct?

Dave’s Answer:

Typically the second bathroom’s outlet will be fed from the mater bathroom GFCI outlet. To test this, just press the Test button on the master bathroom GFCI and this should turn off the outlets in both bathrooms.





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