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Electrical Wire and Cable

Earth Grounding for an Electrical Service

How an Earth Ground System is Installed and Bonded to Electrical Services

How an Earth Ground System is Installed
Electrical Question: For a Carter County rural residential electrical service, when is an earth ground rod connection required to the meter base? I currently have a service outlet and am preparing to have a home connection to an existing 100 Amp breaker panel.

This electrical question came from: Rick, a Handyman from Ringling, Oklahoma.
See more about Home Wiring for Oklahoma

Dave’s Reply:
Thanks for your electrical question Rick.

Earth Ground System for Electrical Services

Understanding the Importance of an Earth Ground

Requirements for Grounding a Residential Electrical Service
Rick, a earth ground is required for any electrical service, however there are a variety of approved methods for the source of the earth ground and bonding. The most typical way to provide a earth ground is by using an approved ground rod, and there are a few to choose from as well. To understand what is required for your exact location it would best to consult your local building department and the electrical utility provider provider who usually have a typical specification sheet that they will provide helpful for you.

The Importance of a Earth Ground For Safety
When installed properly and according to electrical codes the earth ground serves as the bond for electrical equipment and enclosures to the earth ground source so that if there is an electrical failure, electricity may be sent the the earth ground source, where in most cases and by design, will cause an over current device to trip off or open the circuit which will stop the supply of electricity to a location of the electrical failure.

The Importance of a Earth Ground For Electrical Service

The earth ground is also an essential part of what is known as the Grounded Neutral, which is the required return path to ground for 120 Volt circuits, also a part of the 120/240 volt home electrical service.


Electrical Grounding

Electrical Codes for Services

Wiring Electrical Codes

electric panel
House Wiring Circuits and Circuit Breakers
This article looks at common 120 volt and 240 volt house wiring circuits and the circuit breakers that are installed identifying the types and amperage sizes used in most homes.

» You Can Avoid Costly Mistakes! «

Here's How to Do It:
Wire It Right with the help of my Illustrated Wiring Book

Great for any Home Wiring Project.

  electrical wiring  

Complete Guide to Home Electrical Wiring

Perfect for Homeowners, Students,
Handyman, Handywomen, and Electricians
Wiring GFCI Outlets
Wiring Home Electric Circuits
120 Volt and 240 Volt Outlet Circuits
Wiring Light Switches
Wiring 3-Wire and 4-Wire Electric Range
Wiring 3-Wire and 4-Wire Dryer Cord and Dryer Outlet
How to Troubleshoot and Repair Electrical Wiring
Wiring Methods for Upgrading Electrical Wiring
NEC Codes for Home Electrical Wiring
....and much more.

Be Careful and Be Safe - Never Work on Energized Circuits!
Consult your Local Building Department about Permits and Inspections for all Electric Wiring Projects.

Electrical Tips to Help You Wire it Right

The Safest Way to Test Electrical Devices and Identify Electric Wires!

The Non-Contact Electrical Tester
This is a testing tool that I have had in my personal electrical tool pouch for years, and is the first test tool I grab to help identify electrical wiring. It is a Non-contact tester that I use to easily Detect Voltage in Cables, Cords, Circuit Breakers, Lighting Fixtures, Switches, Outlets and Wires. Simply insert the end of the tester into an outlet, lamp socket, or hold the end of the tester against the wire you wish to test. Very handy and easy to use.

The Quickest Way to Check for Faulty Electrical Wiring!

The Plug-In Outlet Tester
This is the first tool I grab to troubleshoot a problem with outlet circuit wiring. This popular tester is also used by most inspectors to test for power and check the polarity of circuit wiring.
It detects probable improper wiring conditions in standard 110-125 VAC outlets Provides 6 probable wiring conditions that are quick and easy to read for ultimate efficiency Lights indicate if wiring is correct and indicator light chart is included Tests standard 3-wire outlets UL Listed Light indicates if wiring is incorrect Very handy and easy to use.

Strip Off Wire Insulation without Nicking and Damaging the Electric Wire!

The Wire Stripper and Wire Cutter
My absolute favorite wire stripping tool that I have had in my personal electrical tool pouch for years, and this is the tool I use to safely strip electrical wires.
This handy tool has multiple uses:
The wire gauges are shown on the side of the tool so you know which slot to use for stripping insulation.
The end of the tool can be used to grip and bend wire which is handy for attaching wire onto the screw terminals of switches and outlets..

The wire stripper will work on both solid and stranded wire. This tool is Very Handy and Easy to Use.

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