Wiring a Switch that Controls an Outlet
Wiring a Switch Controlled Outlet: Wiring Configurations for a Half-Hot Switched Outlet.
Guide to Wire a Half Hot or Switched Outlet
Electrical Question: I have a switch that controls an outlet.
- It is three wire Type-NM cable that has a black red white and ground.
- There are also a two wire Type-NM cable in the same box that feeds other outlets.
- My tester says that there is a hot and ground reversed.
- What am I doing wrong?
This electrical wiring question came from: Tony, from Rancho Santa Margarita, California.
Thanks for your electrical wiring question Tony.
Wiring a Switch Controlled Outlet
Application: Half Hot Switched Outlet.
Skill Level: Beginner to Intermediate.
Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools and a Voltage Tester.
Estimated Time: Depends on personal level experience, ability to work with tools and the number of outlets that will be replaced.
Precaution: Identify the outlet circuit, turn it OFF and Tag it with a Note before working with the wiring.
Notice: Installing additional outlet electrical wiring should be done according to local and national electrical codes with a permit and be inspected.
Wiring Configurations for a Half-Hot Switched Outlet
- Wall Switch and Outlet
A half hot or switched outlet is commonly used in bedrooms or other rooms where a floor or table lamp is to be controlled by a wall switch.
- Wiring Connections for Switched Outlet
The wiring diagrams shows how the connections are made and the one important but often overlooked component that makes a switched outlet work properly.
- Outlet Polarity Test
If your tester indicates that the ground and the hot is reversed then you must turn off the circuit then go back and double check all the connections and make the changes as needed.
More about Wiring a Switch Controlled Outlet
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Be Careful and Be Safe - Never Work on Energized Circuits!
Consult your Local Building Department about Permits and Inspections for all Electric Wiring Projects.
The Safest Way to Test Electrical Devices and Identify Electric Wires!The Non-Contact Electrical Tester
This is a testing tool that I have had in my personal electrical tool pouch for years, and is the first test tool I grab to help identify electrical wiring. It is a Non-contact tester that I use to easily Detect Voltage in Cables, Cords, Circuit Breakers, Lighting Fixtures, Switches, Outlets and Wires. Simply insert the end of the tester into an outlet, lamp socket, or hold the end of the tester against the wire you wish to test. Very handy and easy to use.
The Quickest Way to Check for Faulty Electrical Wiring!The Plug-In Outlet Tester
This is the first tool I grab to troubleshoot a problem with outlet circuit wiring. This popular tester is also used by most inspectors to test for power and check the polarity of circuit wiring.
It detects probable improper wiring conditions in standard 110-125 VAC outlets Provides 6 probable wiring conditions that are quick and easy to read for ultimate efficiency Lights indicate if wiring is correct and indicator light chart is included Tests standard 3-wire outlets UL Listed Light indicates if wiring is incorrect Very handy and easy to use.
Strip Off Wire Insulation without Nicking and Damaging the Electric Wire!The Wire Stripper and Wire Cutter
My absolute favorite wire stripping tool that I have had in my personal electrical tool pouch for years, and this is the tool I use to safely strip electrical wires.
This handy tool has multiple uses:
The wire gauges are shown on the side of the tool so you know which slot to use for stripping insulation.
The end of the tool can be used to grip and bend wire which is handy for attaching wire onto the screw terminals of switches and outlets..
The wire stripper will work on both solid and stranded wire. This tool is Very Handy and Easy to Use.
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