How to Wire a Range Hood Exhaust Fan
Installing Wiring for a Range Hood Exhaust Fan: Wiring from an Existing Power Source or Outlet, I am wiring a hood exhaust fan over the kitchen range cook top.
Wiring a Hood Exhaust Fan
Electrical Question: I am wiring a hood exhaust fan over the kitchen range cook top.
- One of my apartments needs a fan that goes over the stove, it’s a simply fan with light.
- Can I run a electrical wire from a nearby outlet through and in between the wall and to the fan, or do I have to run the electrical wire from the circuit breaker in the basement all the way up to the third floor apartment on the left.
- I am just trying to do it right by the housing code and safe.
Can you please help. Thank you.
This home electrical question came from: Rosa, in Massachusetts.
Additional Comments: Its great and very helpful.
Thanks for your electrical question Rosa .
How to Install Wiring for a Range Hood Exhaust Fan
A lighted exhaust fan over the cooking stove or free standing range is a great way to add light to the cooking area and help control the spread of cooking odors and grease through the home, and this would be a great weekend project.
Application: Wiring a Range Hood Exhaust Fan.
Skill Level: Beginner to Intermediate. This electrical project is best installed by a Licensed Electrical Contractor or Certified Electrician.
Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools and a Voltage Tester.
Estimated Time: Depends on personal level experience, ability to work with tools, access to the power source for the new hood fan. This would be a great weekend project.
Precaution: Identify the existing power source circuit, turn it OFF and Tag it with a Note before working with the wiring.
Notice: Installing electrical wiring for additional outlets should be done according to local and national electrical codes with a permit and be inspected.
Wiring a Range Exhaust Fan From an Existing Power Source or Outlet
- Most conventional hood exhaust fans require 120 volts electrical power and they do not draw a lot of amperage therefore an exhaust fan with a light does not require it’s own circuit, so yes, a wire may be attached to one of the existing wall outlets.
- Be sure to match the new electrical wiring to the existing wiring of the source you choose as the power source.
- Typically a good power source would be a 120 volt receptacle outlet behind the range or a nearby counter top outlet.
- The new cable for the exhaust fan may be directly routed into the junction box location of the fan unit or brought into a junction box inside the upper cabinet above the range or cook top stove where the hood fan will be installed.
More about Wiring a Kitchen Hood Exhaust Fan
- How to Install Kitchen Electrical Wiring
Kitchen Electrical Wiring
- Fully Explained Photos and Wiring Diagrams for Kitchen Electrical Wiring with Code Requirements for most new or remodel projects.
- Electric Outlet Wiring
Wiring Electrical Outlets for the Home
- Home electrical wiring includes 110 volt outlets and 220 volt outlets and receptacles which are common place in every home. See how wiring electrical outlets for the home are done.
- Guide to Home Electrical Wire Types
Electrical Wire for the Home
- Complete listing of electrical wire types and parts used for home projects with electrical code information serves as selection guidelines.
- Home Electrical Wiring Codes
Electrical Code Articles for Home Wiring
- Electrical Code Directory covering codes for electrical boxes and electrical circuit wiring.
The following may also be helpful for you:
Be Careful and Be Safe - Never Work on Energized Circuits!
Consult your Local Building Department about Permits and Inspections for all Electric Wiring Projects.
The Safest Way to Test Electrical Devices and Identify Electric Wires!The Non-Contact Electrical Tester
This is a testing tool that I have had in my personal electrical tool pouch for years, and is the first test tool I grab to help identify electrical wiring. It is a Non-contact tester that I use to easily Detect Voltage in Cables, Cords, Circuit Breakers, Lighting Fixtures, Switches, Outlets and Wires. Simply insert the end of the tester into an outlet, lamp socket, or hold the end of the tester against the wire you wish to test. Very handy and easy to use.
The Quickest Way to Check for Faulty Electrical Wiring!The Plug-In Outlet Tester
This is the first tool I grab to troubleshoot a problem with outlet circuit wiring. This popular tester is also used by most inspectors to test for power and check the polarity of circuit wiring.
It detects probable improper wiring conditions in standard 110-125 VAC outlets Provides 6 probable wiring conditions that are quick and easy to read for ultimate efficiency Lights indicate if wiring is correct and indicator light chart is included Tests standard 3-wire outlets UL Listed Light indicates if wiring is incorrect Very handy and easy to use.
Strip Off Wire Insulation without Nicking and Damaging the Electric Wire!The Wire Stripper and Wire Cutter
My absolute favorite wire stripping tool that I have had in my personal electrical tool pouch for years, and this is the tool I use to safely strip electrical wires.
This handy tool has multiple uses:
The wire gauges are shown on the side of the tool so you know which slot to use for stripping insulation.
The end of the tool can be used to grip and bend wire which is handy for attaching wire onto the screw terminals of switches and outlets..
The wire stripper will work on both solid and stranded wire. This tool is Very Handy and Easy to Use.
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Can I hook a under the cabinet hood fan to a outlet in the same area with out going int a attic?
That would depend on how far away the outlet is. If the outlet is close by and in the same stud bay of the interior all framing then a wire can be fished up to the location of the hood fan. However, before you do this, you should check to see if you have a 120 volt receptacle outlet behind the range or stove, and if so just fish a wire up from that outlet to the hood exhaust fan. This is the typical method we use to provide power for the exhaust fan.
I hope this helps,
How do I Wire a Lighted Range Hood Exhaust Fan?
All I need to do is wire a light and a fan to a Multi-Speed switch.
When I turn the switch on only the light will come on. When I turn it again only the fan will come on, and when I turn it all the way both the fan and light will come on.
If there is only one switch for the range fan that you have then you may have the switch wired right, however there may only be one speed for the exhaust fan. Check the specifications and literature that is supplied with the exhaust fan which will explain the switch functions. The switches of a range exhaust fans are typically pre-wired, the only connections are with the black, white and ground wire.
I hope this helps,
I took the range hood fan down to paint. After putting it back up the fan or light will not work. I am pretty sure the wiring is correct. I took pics so I would be sure to get it back right, and wired the black to black, white to white, and then connected the ground wire. Could the switches have gone bad while painting? It doesn’t sound logical.
Hi F D,
Your right, the switches on the hood fan should not have gone bad. However check any GFCI outlets in the area to see if one of them may have tripped off. Also check for a tripped circuit breaker at the panel.
Thanks for sharing your hood fan question with us, I hope this helps.
I have run a 110 wire through the wall to an existing wall socket for power to a stove exhaust fan and light. There are only two wires to this plug. Where do I connect the new wires for the fan and light to to get power?
When providing power to a kitchen for a 120volt stove outlet and exhaust fan the power can be provided from an existing kitchen circuit, or a new circuit is installed. If you are attempting to connect these devices to a circuit outside of the kitchen area then that would be a violation of the NEC electrical code. If the home is older and the circuits in the kitchen area are not grounded then it would be a good time to consider upgrading the electrical wiring and perhaps evaluate the home electrical system for potential improvements.