Why an Outdoor LED Light Can Trip a GFI Outlet
Why does an outdoor LED light fixture trip a GFI Outlet? This electrical wiring question is about an Electrical Problem with a GFCI Outlet in the Back Yard of a Old Home that is connected to an LED Light Fixture.
Electrical Problem with a GFI Outlet
This electrical wiring project involves an Electrical Problem with a GFCI Outlet in the Back Yard of a Older Home.
Dicky, who is a Handyman in Hubertus, Wisconsin encountered the following Electrical Problem:
- I have a circuit that has been in use, I upgraded to a cone Led and a led spot light the lights work but when I added a GFI the GFI trips.
- The circuit is two led lights and a plug, the flood light is at the out side of the house and the cone light is 250 ft away on a pole with a plug at the base. If I open the power lead to the light pole at the house the circuit and light works OK, but if I open the power lead at the pole, and connect it at the house the GFI trips.
- If I run a 250 ft wire to the pole on the surface and connect it at the house and have it open at the pole it trips the GFI. It looks like the GFI does not like the long wire. I have changed the GFI and the symptom is the same.
- Does a GFI require the power and ground to be equal (==) in length. I would like a GFI on this circuit because the light pole is out side near a lake. Any Ideas?
Thanks for your electrical question Dicky.
LED Light Trips a GFI Outlet
Application: Electrical Problem with a GFCI Outlet.
Skill Level: Intermediate to Advanced – Best performed by a Licensed Electrical Contractor, or Certified Electrician.
Electrical Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools, Voltage Tester, and appropriate Safety Gear.
Estimated Time: Depends on the personal level experience, ability to work with tools, install electrical circuit wiring, and the available access to the project area.
Electrical Safety: Identify the electrical power source to the GFCI Outlet, turn it OFF and Tag with a Note before working with the electrical wiring.
Electrical Wiring Parts and Materials: Electrical parts and materials for the GFCI Outlet should be approved for the specific project and compliant with local and national electrical codes.
Electrical Codes and Inspections: Installing or changing home electrical wiring should be done according to local and national electrical codes as adopted in Hubertus, Wisconsin. A permit and inspections may also be required.
Resources to help you do electrical wiring in your area:
Locate Electricians or Electrical Contractors in Wisconsin
Wisconsin Electrical Contractor License, Building Permits and Electrical Codes
Electrical Problem with an LED Light Tripping a GFCI Outlet
GFCI Outlet Electrical Problem
The GFCI Outlet must be wired from the wiring of the same circuit, therefore the wiring must be contiguous, and not connected to other circuit wires because this could cause the GFI Outlet to trip, but there is more to this problem as described below.
The GFCI Circuit Wire Length
This is what I suspect to be the cause of this tripping GFI outlet:
The 250 foot length of the circuit wires can create a voltage drop that would affect the performance of the GFCI Outlet.
GFCI Outlet Circuit Repair
Due to the length of this circuit, the size of the circuit wires should be increased.
If this is a 15amp circuit, then consider installing #12 AWG Copper wire.
If this is a 20amp circuit, then consider installing #10 AWG Copper wire.
If the circuit wires are inside a conduit then it is best to use stranded wires instead of solid wires.
More about Electrical Problem a GFCI Outlet
Electrical Circuit Wiring
This article looks at common 120 volt and 240 volt house wiring circuits and the circuit breakers that are installed identifying the types and amperage sizes used in most homes.
Home Electrical Panel Circuit Listing
Electrical Wire for the Home
Complete listing of electrical wire types and parts used for home projects with electrical code information serves as selection guidelines.
Lighting Electrical Codes
How to Wire GFI Outlets
GFCI and GFI Wiring Diagrams
The features and benefits of GFCI outlets and receptacles will give you a clear understanding of the importance why these safety devices are required by code to help protect you and your family against accidental electrical shock hazards.
This list of articles will help you learn about the features and benefits provided by GFI and GFCI Receptacles and how they are wired.