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Troubleshooting Electrical Outlet Problems


By Dave Rongey - Summary:

Non of the electrical outlets after the 2nd box work if there is not a plug in the top receptacle on outlet two…

Troubleshooting Electrical Outlet Problems
Background: Barb, a Homeowner from Bellefontaine, Ohio

Question: My outlets in my living room,  3 walls with outlets available. We have 4 outlets in the room and 2 of them work only if something (anything) is plugged into the 2nd outlet on the wall. Non of the electrical outlets after the 2nd box work if there is not a plug in the top receptacle on outlet two. When I plugged an empty extension cord into outlet 2, a fan came on that was plugged into outlet 4. What do I need to look for?
Thanks,
Barb

Dave’s Reply:
Thanks for your electrical question Barb. Identify the outlet circuit and turn it off. Remove and inspect the wiring at the second outlet. I have provided the following links that lead to fully detailed information on this website that will assist you with your electrical question:
Electrical Junction Boxes
Electrical Code for How Many Wires in Junction Boxes

For more information about Outlet Wiring
Electrical Outlets

This link is helpful as a Homeowner
Do-It-Yourself Electrical

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5 Responses to “Troubleshooting Electrical Outlet Problems”
  1. Dave Rongey says:

    Hi Jerry,
    The reading from the tester is the result of a lost connection within the circuit wiring which is producing a back feed condition. The problem is typically a loose or burnt connection where the wires connect to one of the outlets, or a wire splice is faulty. The outlet circuit wiring will need to be examined starting at each working outlet until the problem has been discovered and repairs applied as needed. This is best performed by a licensed electrician who can ensure the proper repairs have been made and your outlet circuit is back up and running.
    Be Safe,
    Dave

  2. jerry says:

    I have a circuit that works in 3 outlets and 3 that do not. I have a tester that reads correct in the 3 that work, in the other 3 it reads hot and ground are reversed. I have lived in my home 15 years and never had a problem with those 3 outlets, and its all original wiring, and looks to be correct. Could it be something else other than the hot and ground be reversed? Any suggestions.

  3. Dave Rongey says:

    Rick,
    Sure – all you need to do is use a 3-way switch. The power source would be connected to the common terminal, then one of the screws at the opposite end would be for the light, and the other would be for the outlet. The connections for the light and outlet may need to be swapped depending on the orientation of the switch. The reason why this would work is because a 3-way switch is actually a single pole, double throw switch which works just like a standard relay.
    Enjoy and Be Safe!
    Dave

  4. rick says:

    I want to wire a plug in next to my garage light switch so when I turn on my lights my outlet quits. Any thoughts?

  5. djray says:

    wired a sub panel and have three breakers that are noy functioning. one problem is the leg has power but when I install breaker it has no power. also if I TURN ON BREAKER 3, BREAKER 5 is off but when tester is placed on it, it seems to have power. the power is jumping from both breakers. not sure what is causing this.