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Kitchen Outlets and Circuit Wiring


By Dave Rongey - Summary:

Guide to Wiring Kitchen Electrical Circuits:Electrical Circuit Requirements for Kitchen Outlets, 120 Volt Small Appliance Circuits, 120 Volt Outlet Circuits, 240 Volt Dedicated Circuits.

Guide to Wiring Kitchen Electrical Circuits

Electrical Question: Everything I read about kitchen outlets on the internet and in the NFPA says that the outlets serving the counter tops in a kitchen in my case this all of the outlets in the kitchen except the dedicated circuit for the refrigerator must be supplied by at least 2 circuits.

However, the electrician and inspector says that the entire kitchen must be supplied by 2 circuits and there are no separate requirements for the outlets.
Am I totally off base?

This electrical wiring question came from: Sue, a Homeowner from Rockville, MD.

Additional Comments: very helpful

Dave’s Reply:
Thanks for your electrical wiring question Sue.

How to Wire Kitchen Outlet Circuits

Electrical Circuit Requirements for Kitchen Outlets
Sue, this may be a matter of interpretation, however the NEC electrical code requires the following:

Electrical Circuits for the Kitchen area are also required for large appliances such as:

All of these items having their own specific circuit requirements in addition to the counter top outlets.

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Learn How to Wire it Right with my
Complete Guide to Home Electrical Wiring
Perfect for Homeowners, Students,
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Includes:
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FAQs Frequently Asked Questions and Comments

4 Responses to “Kitchen Outlets and Circuit Wiring”
  1. Dave Rongey says:

    Hi Leah,
    A standard 240 volt stove circuit typically has a black and red wire which connect to the corresponding leads provided on the stove. The bare ground and green earth ground are connected together as well. For specific connection details and the circuit requirements please consult the installation manual which came with the chef spitfire stove.
    Dave

  2. Leah says:

    Hi,
    I have a chef spitfire stove to put in. My connection has the two hot wires that are black, red and the green earth ground wire. I’m not sure where the red and black wires go the back of the stove.
    It says 1 A / 2 N / A
    Thanks

  3. Dave Rongey says:

    Hi Frank,
    No, that will not cause any problems at all, you just will not be able to plug in a 20 amp device that has the angle prong and that is usually not a problem, in fact I can’t remember the last time I have seen a 20 amp plug on anything used in the kitchen. You may have noticed that the 15 amp GFI receptacle had a 20 amp feed through rating, most of the name brands do, so it’s not a problem. The electrical code says you can install a 15 amp receptacle on a 20 amp circuit, but you cannot install a 20 amp receptacle on a 15 amp circuit because that could cause the circuit to become overloaded.
    Dave

  4. frank says:

    Hi,
    I replaced a defective 20 amp ground fault duplex outlet in my kitchen with a new 15 amp ground fault duplex outlet on a 20 amp circuit.
    Am I going to have a big problem?
    Frank