How to Rewire a Bathroom
By Dave Rongey - Summary:|
Rewiring a Bathroom: Installing a New Circuit and a GFCI Circuit Breaker, Installing exhaust fan and light switches.
Bathroom Electrical Wiring
- I replaced a recessed light over my shower with a fan light and night light fixture.
- I ran a new circuit and installed a GFCI circuit breaker and installed a three way switch. I then replaced the existing ceiling fan over the toilet with a fan/light fixture.
- I wanted to control the fan and light separately, so I moved the 12/2 wire from the original fixture over the shower to the new fixture over the toilet.
- The switch controlling the fan over the toilet works, but the switch controlling the light doesn’t and the recessed light over the soaker tub doesn’t work.
- I looked at the switches and the switches for the recessed lights are both single pole and wired in series.
- I checked the breaker and none were tripped, but I flipped the breakers labeled for the second floor.
- I turned the breakers off before removing the original fixtures. I reversed the switch connections on the fan and light fixture. The light turned on and the fan didn’t. Any ideas?
This electrical wiring question came from Mike, in Cherry Hill, New Jersey.
Thanks for your electrical wiring question Mike.
Rewiring a Bathroom
Application: Rewiring a Bathroom.
Skill Level: Intermediate to Advanced – Best performed by a Licensed Electrician.
Tools Required: Electricians Pouch of Hand Tools for Rough-In Wiring, Electric Drill and Auger Bits and Extension Cord.
Estimated Time: Depends on the extent of the bathroom remodel project, the type of construction and available access to the project area.
Precaution: Any existing wiring in the immediate area that may interfere with the installation of new construction materials should be identified, turned OFF and Tagged.
Notice: Modifying existing wiring or installing additional bathroom electrical wiring should be done according to local and national electrical codes, with a permit, and be inspected.
Steps to a Successful Bathroom Rewire Project
- Identify the Electrical Codes that Apply to Your Bathroom Wiring Project
Rewiring a bathroom always begins with understanding the required electrical codes and how they will apply to the rewiring process. This is especially essential in the bathroom where GFCI protection must be provided, and special attention to types of light fixtures, and how this all relates to current electrical codes.
- Plan and Layout the Rewiring Project
A layout and electrical plan for the project should be created which would then allow for the application of the electrical codes that are required based upon the electrical devices that will be installed and the location of the devices and the controls that will be used.
- Identify Electrical Circuit Wiring
The existing circuits in the bathroom must be identified along with the devices that are connected to the circuits. Depending on the home and the number of bathrooms consideration must be given to the required dedicated GFCI outlet, and GFCI protection that is required for light fixtures within the proximity of the soaker tub or shower. Isolating dedicated circuits and preventing electrical circuit wiring from becoming shared is very important.
- Rewiring a bathroom may not be limited to just replacing a light switch or installing a new light fixture or exhaust fan.
- The full scope of the project must be taken into consideration so the project will be done right and according to code.
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