How To Fix Your Light Switch Wiring
By Dave Rongey - Summary:|
How to Fix Light Switch Wiring Problems: One Light Switch Controls a Light Fixture, The key to solving light switch problems is to identify the wiring, especially the wire that is the source of power.
A Common Mistake When Wiring a Light Switch and How to Fix It
The Project: There is only one light switch to control this light fixture
- I read the instructions, marked the wire attached to the different colored screw of the original switch and then attached the new switch.
- There are three black wires and a ground coming out of the wall and attached to the original switch.
- The white wires were not attached to the switch and are capped.
- The home is only 5 months old.
- When I replaced the switch and tried it out, the light turned on when the switch was turned to the “off” position and the lights in the other room turned off.
How can I determine the correct placement of the wires in the new switch?
This electrical wiring question came from: Patrick, a Homeowner from Gilbertsville, PA.
- Skill Level: Beginner to Intermediate.
- Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools and Voltage Tester.
- Estimated Time: Depends on personal level experience and ability to work with tools.
- Precaution: Identify the circuit of the light fixture and switch, turn it OFF and Tag it with a Note before working with the wiring.
- Notice: Installing additional fixture wiring should be done according to local and national electrical codes, however replacing a light switch does not require a permit in most locations.
- Materials: Make sure the replacement light switch has the same amperage and voltage rating as the original switch, and is fully compatible with the electrical circuit, the light fixture and the type of light bulbs being used.
How to Fix Light Switch Wiring Problems
- In this project, the mistake is that the power that is traveling through to the other room is now being switched instead of the room light.
- The three black wires represent Power In, Power Out to the other room, and Power to the Light Fixture.
- It is best to identify each of the black wires using a voltage tester, however swapping the connections of the black wires to the switch will eventually create the right connection because there are only a few possible configurations.
- The key to solving light switch problems is always to identify the wiring, especially the wire that is the source of power.
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Electrical Safety and Voltage Testers
- When working on home electrical wiring, quality voltage testers can play an important part in electrical safety.
- Electrical testers enable you to identify electrical circuits and help prevent the possibility of accidental electrical shock.
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Be Careful and Be Safe - Never Work on Energized Circuits!
Consult your Local Building Department about Permits and Inspections for all projects.