Electrical Code Terminology
Summary: Electrical Code Terminology as it pertains to a Qualified Person who may perform home electrical wiring.
Electrical Code Terminology as it applies to Home Electrical Wiring
Understanding Electrical Code Terminology
DEFINITIONS (NEC Article 100)
ACCESSIBLE: (As applied to equipment) Admitting close approach: not guarded by locked doors, elevation or other effective means.
ACCESSIBLE: (As applied to wiring methods) Capable of being removed or exposed without damaging the building.
ACCESSIBLE, READILY: (Readily accessible) Capable of being reached quickly for operation, renewal, or inspections, without requiring those to whom ready access is requisite to climb over or remove obstacles or to resort to portable ladders, chairs, etc.
Code Adoption Information: The codes shown are examples only and may not be current or accurate for your application or jurisdiction. Contact your local building authority for complete information.
Home Electrical Codes
NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE TERMS
The current in amperes a conductor can carry continuously under the conditions of use without exceeding its temperature rating.
An appliance is utilization equipment, generally other than industrial, normally built in standardized sizes or types, which is installed or connected as a unit to perform one or more functions such as clothes washing, air conditioning, food mixing, deep frying, etc.
Acceptable to the authority having jurisdiction. The phrase authority having jurisdiction is used in NFPA documents in a broad manner since jurisdictions and approval agencies vary, as do their responsibilities. Where public safety is primary, the authority having jurisdiction may be a federal, state, local, or other regional department or individual such as a fire chief, fire marshal, chief of a fire prevention bureau, labor department, health department, building official, electrical inspector, or others having statutory authority. For insurance purposes, an insurance inspection department, rating bureau, or other insurance company representative may be the authority having jurisdiction. In many circumstances the property owner or the owner's designated agent assumes the role of the authority having jurisdiction; at government installations, the commanding officer or departmental official may be the authority having jurisdiction.
Self-acting, operating by its own mechanism when actuated by some impersonal influence, as for example, a change in current , pressure, temperature, or mechanical configuration.
The circuit conductors between the final over current device protecting the circuit and the outlet(s).
BRANCH CIRCUIT, APPLIANCE
A branch circuit supplying energy to one or more outlets to which appliances are to be connected; such circuits to have no permanently connected lighting fixtures not a part of an appliance. Appliance branch circuits for a kitchen, pantry, etc. and for laundry areas are not permitted to have any other outlets or permanently connected lighting fixtures connected to them.
BRANCH CIRCUIT, GENERAL PURPOSE
A branch circuit that supplies two or more receptacles or outlets for lighting and appliances.
BRANCH CIRCUIT, INDIVIDUAL
A branch circuit that supplies only one utilization equipment. An individual branch circuit shall be permitted to supply any load for which it is rated: for example, one range, or one space heater, or one motor. NEC 210-23 A branch circuit may be installed to supply one duplex receptacle, which can accommodate two cord-connected and plug-connected appliances or similar equipment. This circuit would not be considered an individual branch circuit.
BRANCH CIRCUIT, MULTIWIRE
A branch circuit that consists of two or more ungrounded conductors that have a voltage between them and a grounded conductor that has equal voltage between it and each ungrounded conductor of the circuit and that is connected to the neutral or grounded conductor of the system.
A device designed to open and close a circuit by non-automatic means and to open the circuit automatically on a predetermined over current without damage to itself when properly applied within its rating.
Rendered inaccessible by the structure or finish of the building. Wires in concealed raceways are considered concealed, even though they may become accessible by withdrawing them.
A load where the maximum current is expected to continue for three hours or more.
A device or group of devices that serves to govern, in some predetermined manner, the electrical power delivered to the apparatus to which it is connected.
A unit of an electric system that is intended to carry or control ,but not utilize, electrical energy. Units, such as switches,circuit breakers, fuse holders, receptacles, attachment plugs, and lamp holders that distribute or control but do not consume electricity are termed devices.
A device, group of devices, or other means by which the conductors of a circuit can be disconnected from their source of supply.
Dwelling Unit: A single unit, providing complete and independent living facilities for one or more persons, including permanent provisions for living, sleeping, cooking and sanitation. One Family Dwelling: A building consisting solely of one dwelling unit.
Two Family Dwelling
A building consisting solely of two dwelling units. Multifamily Dwelling: A building containing three or more dwelling units. ENCLOSED: Surrounded by a case, housing, fence, or walls that prevents persons from accidentally contacting energized parts.
A general term including material, fittings, devices,appliances, luminaries (fixtures), apparatus, and the like used as a part of, or in connection with an electrical installation.