Causes of Electric Circuit Buzz or Crackle
|By Dave Rongey - Summary:
How to Locate the Cause of Electrical Circuit Buzz or Crackle: The Most Common Problems that Cause Electrical Circuit Buzz or Crackle and What Should Be Done
Circuit Buzz or Crackle May Indicate a Serious Problem
- Yesterday there were two plugs not working and now they are working.
- Even without using these devices the noise from the fuse box is still there.
This electrical repair question came from: Anthony, a Handyman from Aberdare, UK.
Additional Comments: Fabulous.
Thanks for your electrical repair question Anthony.
How to Locate the Cause of Electrical Circuit Buzz or Crackle
Application: Electrical Troubleshooting the Cause of Electrical Buzz or Crackle.
Skill Level: Advanced – a Licensed Electrical Contractor should be consulted.
Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools, Ammeter and Voltage Tester.
Estimated Time: Depends on age of the home, the condition of the electrical system and available access to the electrical components.
Precaution: Electrical troubleshooting of this level is best performed by an experienced electrical contractor service technician who can evaluate the problem and make the necessary repairs.
The Most Common Problems that Cause Electrical Circuit Buzz or Crackle and What Should Be Done
- Loose Connections in Electrical Wiring
- If there is a loose connection somewhere within an electrical circuit will this cause the fuse box to buzz and crackle and cause problems with selected wall plugs.
- Temperature Conditions and Aluminum Wiring
- Fluctuations in temperature can create electrical components to expand and contract which can cause a loose connection and a deteriorating condition, as well as a buzz or crackle sound. This is a serious condition that can eventually lead to electrical circuit failure and damaged equipment.
- Isolate and Identify the Problem
- To help isolate the problem each circuit at the electrical panel should be turned off one at a time to see if the buzzing or noise stops.
- If the noise does stop then make note of the circuit and identify the type of circuit breaker or fuse because it will need to be evaluate for potential problems.
- Electrical Noise or Interference
- Electrical circuit problems can sometimes produce line disturbances that can create noise that may be heard on a radio or other electronic devices in the home.
- Attempt to isolate the circuit that causes the noise.
- Begin unplugging other devices that are sharing the same circuit.The problem may be within a separate device that needs to be serviced or replaced.
- Electrical line noise that is produced by other devices may sometimes be eliminated by installing noise filters, line conditioners or surge suppressors.
- If the problem still exists and is not isolated to a specific device then the circuit wiring and device connections will need to be inspected for burnt or corroded splices and connections and then repaired as needed.
- Circuit devices such as outlet receptacles or switches that have burnt terminal connections should be replaced.
- Circuit Breakers that Make Noise
- Sometimes AFCI breaker and GFCI circuit breakers may produce a slight hum or noise which may be normal.
- If a crackling noise or loud buzz is heard then the circuit breaker should be checked and replaced if necessary.
- Electrical Panel Noise
- A short within an electrical circuit could cause a buzz or hum sound at the electric panel right before a fuse blows or a circuit breaker trips off. The affected circuit should be identified so the circuit load may be identified and evaluated so the necessary repairs may be performed.
- Overloaded circuits should be decreased by disconnecting devices that are causing the circuit overload condition.
- If the sound you hear is a crackling sound then your electrical fuse box or panel should be checked out by a qualified electrician right away.
- There may be a deteriorating electrical connection that can cause serious damage to the electrical panel and cause circuit failure as well.
- A loose connection of either a wire or a circuit breaker inside the panel could potentially create a big problem and should be evaluated and repaired by a professional electrician right away.
NOTE: Electrical panels are energized and pose electrical shock and arc flash hazards. Homeowners should not work with electrical panels. For best results contact a local licensed electrician.
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