3Wire and 4Wire Kitchen Range and Stove Circuits
By Dave Rongey - Summary:|
How can a stove be connect to a 3wire outlet? 3Wire and 4Wire Range and Stove Circuits, Wiring 3 prong and 4 prong Range Cords.
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Wiring Range Cords and Stove Circuits
I have an older home and I would like to make some changes with the kitchen stove wiring. Here is an explanation of what I would like to do:
- The current kitchen stove outlet is a Duplex 3 pronged GFCI outlet.
- I’ve switched the power cord on the stove from a 4 prong to 3 prong.
- The outlet needs to be a 3 wire range outlet.
- The range requires a single phase 3 wire 120/240 volt.
- The only 3 wire range outlet I could find says 125/250 volt.
Can this GFCI outlet be upgraded to the 3 wire 125/250 volt outlet I purchased?
- In the wall there is 2 black wire and 2 white wires.
- How should this be connect to the new 3 wire outlet?
- Do I not connect one set of black and white?
There’s two connectors for hot wires and one marked white.
I’m confused! Help!
This electrical wiring question came from: Tom, a Homeowner from St. Louis, Missouri.
Thanks for your electrical wiring question Tom.
How to Wire 120/240 Volt Kitchen Circuits
Application: Wiring a 240volt Stove Circuit.
Skill Level: Intermediate to Advanced, Best installed by a Licensed Electrical Contractor. Work in electrical panels is not recommended for homeowners, non-experienced individuals or non-electricians.
Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools, electric drill, auger bits and extension cord.
Estimated Time: Depends on personal level experience, ability to work with tools and install 220 volt electrical circuit wiring.
Precaution: Identify the main circuit of the panel, turn it OFF and Tag it with a Note before working with the wiring or installing the 220 volt wiring and circuit breaker.
Notice: Installing an additional 220 volt range or stove circuit should be done according to local and national electrical codes with a permit and be inspected.
3Wire and 4Wire Range and Stove Circuits
- Kitchen GFCI outlets are generally used for counter top receptacle outlets for small appliances and cannot be adapted to be used for 220 volt range or stove outlets.
- A kitchen electric stove and a kitchen electric range require a separate circuit for each unit.
- These circuits are generally 3-wire or 4-wire circuits depending on the age of the home.
NOTE: If a new kitchen electric range is purchased which has a 4-wire cord and plug, most will allow the cord to be changed to a 3-wire cord and plug so that it may be used with the existing 3-wire range outlet.
More about 240 Volt Circuits and Range Cord Wiring
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- You may find yourself with either a 3-wire or 4-wire electric range.
- Lets look at how the electric range is wired and what to do if your cord does not match the plug.
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Be Careful and Be Safe - Never Work on Energized Circuits!
Consult your Local Building Department about Permits and Inspections for all projects.
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