3Wire and 4Wire Kitchen Range and Stove Circuits

By Dave Rongey - Summary:

How can a stove be connect to a 3wire outlet? 3Wire and 4Wire Range and Stove Circuits, Wiring 3 prong and 4 prong Range Cords.

Wiring Range Cords and Stove Circuits

Electrical Question: How can a stove be connect to a 3wire outlet?

I have an older home and I would like to make some changes with the kitchen stove wiring. Here is an explanation of what I would like to do:

  1. The current kitchen stove outlet is a Duplex 3 pronged GFCI outlet.
  2. I’ve switched the power cord on the stove from a 4 prong to 3 prong.
  3. The outlet needs to be a 3 wire range outlet.
  4. The range requires a single phase 3 wire 120/240 volt.
  5. The only 3 wire range outlet I could find says 125/250 volt.

Can this GFCI outlet be upgraded to the 3 wire 125/250 volt outlet I purchased?

There’s two connectors for hot wires and one marked white.
I’m confused! Help!

This electrical wiring question came from: Tom, a Homeowner from St. Louis, Missouri.

Dave’s Reply:
Thanks for your electrical wiring question Tom.

How to Wire 120/240 Volt Kitchen Circuits

Application: Wiring a 240volt Stove Circuit.
Skill Level: Intermediate to Advanced, Best installed by a Licensed Electrical Contractor. Work in electrical panels is not recommended for homeowners, non-experienced individuals or non-electricians.
Tools Required: Basic Electricians Pouch Hand Tools, electric drill,  auger bits and extension cord.
Estimated Time: Depends on personal level experience, ability to work with tools and install 220 volt electrical circuit wiring.
Precaution: Identify the main circuit of the panel, turn it OFF and Tag it with a Note before working with the wiring or installing the 220 volt wiring and circuit breaker.
Notice: Installing an additional 220 volt range or stove circuit should be done according to local and national electrical codes with a permit and be inspected.

3Wire and 4Wire Range and Stove Circuits

NOTE: If a new kitchen electric range is purchased which has a 4-wire cord and plug, most will allow the cord to be changed to a 3-wire cord and plug so that it may be used with the existing 3-wire range outlet.

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Be Careful and Be Safe - Never Work on Energized Circuits!
Consult your Local Building Department about Permits and Inspections for all projects.


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FAQs Frequently Asked Questions and Comments

2 Responses to “3Wire and 4Wire Kitchen Range and Stove Circuits”
  1. Dave Rongey says:

    Hi Elaine,
    If the circuit breaker for the stove circuit is tripping without the stove connected then there is a problem with the circuit wiring. The receptacle outlet should be checked to make sure there are no faults or damaged wires. The circuit wire connections to the receptacle should also be checked to make sure they are correct.
    Thanks for sharing your stove circuit wiring question,

  2. Elaine Petersen says:

    I have a new stove. I changed the 3-prong to 4-prong and changed the outlet. The circuit breaker trips before the stove is even plugged in.


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